Vocal Development Level I



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Vocal Development


Level I

Level II

Level III

  • Utilize the singing voice as distinct from the speaking voice.

  • Match pitch in one’s own range.

  • Sing with breath support.

  • Sing with proper body alignment.

  • Sing with a free tone.

  • Sing with round/tall vowels.

  • Sing with a healthy vocal tone.

  • Sing with loud and soft dynamics in a healthy manner.

  • Sing both staccato and legato.

  • Sing with carefully enunciated words.

  • Sing with loud, medium, and soft dynamics in a healthy manner.

  • Sing with understanding through the period of voice change.

  • Sing with various dynamics in a healthy manner.

  • Sing with correct phrasing and appropriate expression.


Music History and Interdisciplinary Application


6th grade

7th grade

8th grade

  • Discuss the historical and cultural background of the works performed by the ensemble.

  • Identify similarities and differences in the meanings of common terms used in the various fine arts.

  • Describe in simple terms the similarities and differences of music from different time periods: Renaissance, Baroque, Classical, Romantic, Contemporary

  • Demonstrate an understanding that the music one listens to or performs is often a reflection of the culture in which the music was created.

  • Identify aurally by title and composer a repertoire of compositions that represent a variety of musical styles.

  • Develop an appreciation for music from time periods other than one’s own.

  • Compare and contrast the music and cultures of several time periods and regions of the world.

  • Identify major genres of music of the style periods.







Grade 6

Grade 7

Grade 8

Rhythm










Beat

Steady Beat

Steady Beat

Steady Beat

meter

Accent, Mixed Meters
6/8 and ¾
Meter in 2/2 and 4/4

Meter in 2, 3 and 4
Combined Meters
Changing Meteres
Conducting patterns

Changing meters as an expressive device

duration

Duration values
Dotted Rhythms
Two against three

Relative Durations
Dotted Rhythms
Triplets
Syncopation

Duration values
Dotted Rhythms
ties, syncopation

rhythm patterns

Common Rhythm Patterns
Dotted Rhythm Patterns in 6/8

Layering Patterns
Polyrhythms
Ostinatos

Ostinatos
Layered Ostinatos
Cross rhythms

melody










pitch

Range
Register

Range
Register

Range
Register

melodic contour

Contour as a tool for analysis

Contour as a tool for analysis

Contour as a tool for analysis

step/leap

Movement by steps, leaps, repeats

Movement by steps, leaps, intervals as they affect melodic development

Movement by steps, leap intervals as they affect melodic development.

patterns

Melodic Sequence
Melodic Repetition

Manipulation of pitches as compositional devices;
inversion, transposition imitation, repetition

Manipulation of pitches as compositional devices: inversion, transposition, imitation, repetition

phrases

Melodic Phrases
Repetition/Contrast

Repetition/Contrast
Phrase Construction and development

Repetition/Contrast
Transformation

tonality

Scales/Tonality

Scales: Major/Minor
Cadence
Pentatonic Scales

Scales/Tonality
Whole and half steps
Pentatonic Scales

harmony










texture

Cordal Harmony
Parallel 3rd and 6th’s
Modulation
Relationship of Texture and harmony

Harmonic Styles; parallel, contrary motion, countermelodies

Monophonic
Polyphony
Homophony

chords

Construction of triads
I, IV, V7 Chords
I, v7 (minor)

Major/Minor Triads
Chord Patterns
Blues progression

Accompaniment Styles
Major/Minor Chords
Chord progressions

harmony

Ostinatos,
Rounds, Partner Songs, Canon, Counterpoint
Descants
Countermelodies

Ostinatos,
Rounds, Partner Songs, Canon, Counterpoint
Countermelodies

Ostinatos,
Rounds, Partner Songs, Canon, Counterpoint
Countermelodies

tone color










vocal sounds

Variety of vocal styles of opera, musical theater and popular singers

A cappella singing
Vocal Blending

Vocal Qualities of various style periods
Vocal qualities of male and female voices

instrumental sounds

Ensembles; Bands
Individual Instruments
Familes of Orchestral
Instruments

Tone colors from different countries
Tone colors of jazz, pop
Individual instruments

Tone qualities of different periods
Electric tone colors
Individual instruments

form










form

Repetition/Contrast
Sectional forms: AB, ABA, rondo
theme and variations
Composite Forms; opera, musical theater

Sectional Forms:
AB, ABA, rondo, AABA, AABCC
Form of a jazz composition

Sectional Forms:
AB, ABA, rondo, AABA, AABCC, minuet and trio
sonata allegro
Vocal forms:
Recitative, aria

expressive
Qualities











style

Music Styles from many times and cultures
Style differences determined by rhythm, melody, tone color

Music from diverse cultures
Style differences determined by rhythm,
tone color
Focus on:
Program music, jazz, African music, oratorio, opera

Music from diverse cultures
Style differences determined by rhythm,
tone color
Focus on Historical styles: opera, jazz, musical theater

dynamics

Appropriateness of dynamic choices: p, f, mf, cresc., decresc.

Effects of changes on overall expressive content

Effects of changes on overall expressive conter

tempo

Appropriateness of Tempo choices: Moderato, Accelerando, ritardando, maestoso

Effects of changes on overall expressive content

Effects of changes on overall expressive content

articulation

Use known articulation indications
Select and use stylistically appropriate articulation

Identify and perform staccato, legato
articulation

Describe legato and staccato articulation



GLOSSARY










A

Accent, accordion, aria, articulation, arranger

Accelerando, accent, alto, articulating, a tempo, atonal music, augmentation

ABA form, absolute music

b

Band, bass clef, bebop,
big band, blues

Bar line, blend, blues scale, brass family

Ballad, bar lines, baroque style, bitonality

C

Cambiata, canon, chamber music, changed voice, chord, coda, countermelody, countersubject

Call and response, chord,
c major scale, conductor, contrast, courante, cresc.

Calypso, canon, chamber music, compound meter, consonance, crescendo

d

Disco, duo-pianists, dynamics

Diction, dominant chord, dorian mode, dotted note, dulcimer, duple meter

Decrescendo,
development, dissonance, dotted quarter note

e

Envelope, episode

Eighth note

Episodes, etudes, expressionism

f

Flat, forte piano, fugue

Form, f, ff

Fermata, free form

g

Grand staff




Gospel

h

Half step, harpsichord

Half rest, homophonic

Harmony

i

Instrumentation, interval, introduction, inverted chord

Imitation, innovation

Irregular meter

j

Jazz







k

Key signature

Key tone




l

Legato, lyricist, lyrics







m

Major scale, marcato, mazurka, melodic contour, minor scale, motive, musical march form

Madrigal, march, measure, melodic rhythm, meter signature, mixolydian mode, monophonic

Minimalism, modulation, MIDI, MIDI interface, motive

n

New wave

Natural

Neoclassical

o

Opera, orchestra, organ

Orchestration

Oratorio, ostinato

p

Pedal point, piano, pitch, prepared piano

Partner songs, pentatonic scale, percussion family, polyphonic

Phrase, pipe organ, pizzicato, polyrhythmic, program music

r

Relative minor, rock n roll, root

Range, register, Renaissance, repetition, rondo, root, round

Ritornello, romantic style, retrograde, ritardando,

s

Scale, sharp, stretto, subject, swing, syncopation, synthesizer

Score
skipwise motion, staccato, staff, stepwise motion, string family, subdominant chord,

Salsa, serial music,
sonato-allegro, strophic form, symphony

t

Tala, tempo, texture, tie, tonal center, tone color, treble clef, triad, trio

Tempo, theme and variations, tonal music, triple meter, twelve bar blues

Ternary form, texture, tone color, twentieth century style

u

Unchanged voice, unison







v

Verse-refrain form

Variation, vocable




w

Whole step

Woodwind family





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