Environment Impact Assessment For Jiangxi Shangrao Sanqingshan Airport Beijing Guohuantiandi Environmental Technology Development Center. Ltd. Oct. 2012 Content



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2.4 Amount of land requisition and relocation


Airport projects involving a total of 14 households by removal of demolition, the airport project office is responsible for the implementation of resettlement work, placement in airport planning and placement points, covering range involving a total of 137 graves of migration, monetary compensation, involving grave migration of farmers in the 800 yuan/grave compensation, farmers own grave migration.

(1)structure demolition

Total demolished area: 5760.99 square meters.

16 households are affected by house demolition, with 76 affected people. All the demolished structures belong to private households, including 14 residential houses and 2 structures for non-residential purpose. None of the demolished structures are used for business purposes.


(2)Land acquisition

The to-be-acquired land for this project is 2241.9mu in total, including 383.75mu cultivated land and 1858.15mu non-cultivated land. All the to-be-acquired lands are collective-owned lands.

The land acquisition and house demolition in the airport project involved 498 households and 2,479 people in total.

2.5 Construction plan


According to the project schedule, from approval of project, use four years of time to complete the construction of airport. The work that should be completed in four years includes:

1. Early work

2. Design stage

3. Construction stage

4. Final Acceptance

The above refers to four stages of the airport construction in order to hold to capital construction program, below the premise that assures project quality shorten time limit for a project, should be scientific and rational arrangement of construction schedule, the individual stages should be advanced or the necessary cross. See Fig. 2-1-3.



Fig. 2-1-3 Shangrao Airport Construction Plan Image Figure



3. Regional Environmental Summary and Investigation and Evaluation of Environmental Quality Status

3.1 Regional Environmental Summary


3.1.1 Regional Geographical Location

Shangrao County is located in the eastern part of Shangrao district, the northeastern part of Jiangxi Province and upstream of Xinjiang. It is located at 28°23′00″-28°39′00″N and 117°55′00″-118°00′00″E; the total area of Shangrao City is 308.97 square kilometers.

Shangrao County of Shangrao City is located in the northeastern part of Jiangxi Province and upstream of Xinjiang River, at 27°58′-28°50′N, 117°41′-118°14′E. It borders Xinzhou District, Yushan County, Guangfeng County of Shangrao City in the east, Pucheng County, Wuyi Mountain City of Fujian Province in the south, Qianshan County, Hengfeng County in the west and Dexing City in the north. Shangrao County is 132m long from north to south and 45km from east to west. The total area is 2240m2, of which urban area accounts for 10.9m2.

Xinzhou District of Shangrao City is located in the northeastern part of Jiangxi Province, at 117°55′46″-118°09′44″E and 28°25′15″-28°38′34″N. The altitude of Xinzhou District is between 63-509m. It borders Guangfeng County, Yushan County and Shangrao County. Xinzhou District is about 21km long from east to west and 24km wide from south to north. The total area of Xinzhou District is 30870 hectares, of which urban area accounts for 962 hectares.

The site of the proposed airport is located in Hou Mentang, under the jurisdiction of Shangrao County Zunqiao Village, Zhaotou Town and Xinzhou District Maojialing Township. It is located in the south of Shangrao downtown area, about 8km away from the downtown area in a straight line and about 16km away from the highway.

3.1.2 Geological Conditions and Topography

(1) Geological Conditions

Shangrao City is located at the intersection of the southern fringe of the east-west uplift belt of Jiuling and Class A uplift belt of Mount Wuyi in the Neocathaysian structural system. Subjected to a number of crustal movements since Sinian, the structural feature of different directions, different scales, different natures, and different periods are well developed. But as the crustal stress undergoes no change, the above structure still diverges along the same direction and forms its own specific structural system, which can be divided into: east-west structural system (east-west folded-uplift belt of Kuqiao, east-west folded down-wrapping belt of Xinjiang River), south-north tectonic zone, north-east structure-the earlier Neocathaysian structural system, north-east structure-the later Neocathaysian structural system, NEE structure-the Neocathaysian structural system (Geyuan-Linjiang Lake, multiple synclinal, Puqian-Qingshui Pond Synclinal, etc.), and shear structural system, 7 structural systems or structural belts from west to north.

The field area of the proposed airport exposed the Quaternary Pleistocene (Q4), upper Hekou Fm2s and lower Hekou Fm2s of the Cretaceous system and Maodian formation. According to the lithology, the stratum of the field area can be divided into two categories: the Quaternary system is divided into top soil, silt and gravel silty clay, etc; the Cretaceous system is divided into argillaceous sandstone, siltstone, coarse sandstone and sandy conglomerate, and nine subhorizons based on the degree of rock weathering. According to the initial exploration and drilling and regional surveys, no large-scale fault (broke) tectonics are found in the field area of Shangrao Sanqing Mountain airport. The rock fracture mainly includes bedding surface fissures, weathering fissures and a small amount of secondary structural fissures. Weathering fissures are mostly filled with mud and other fissures are filled with mud or iron, calcarinate. Fissure development degree is weak to moderate.

(2) Topography

Hills, valleys and plains are the major landscape types of Shangrao City, and make it a hilly area. A branch of Huai Yushan, The hills area in the north and east has Jiangjun Mountain, Fanjing Mountain, Niutou Mountain, Huangjian Mountain, Qingjin Mountain and Muzhou Montain, etc, of which the general altitude is 150-200m, and Huangjian Mountain has the highest altitude of 594.3m; Qingjin Montain is secondary to Huangjian Mountain with an altitude of 416.6m. The southwest and northwest areas are low hills and downlands with an altitude of 50-100m. Besides the two banks of Xinjiang River, Yushan River, Fengxi River, and Raobei River are Shaxi, Lingxi and Maojialing valleys and plains.

The landform unit of the proposed airport area is erosional low hills, low-lying and subdued. The maximum elevation is 114.609m, the minimum elevation is 85.134m, and the maximum altitude difference is 29.475m; the valley incision is shallow with a gradual slope, the slope angle generally is 5-10°, and the maximum gradient is approximately 27°; the airport field is favorable for bedrock exposure, the land types mainly include bare lands, followed by forestlands, dry land, paddy field, villages and ponds.

3.1.3 Hydrology

(1) Surface Water

The river valley of Shangrao City generally belongs to Yangtze River Basin, Poyang Lake area. According to the principle of watershed division stipulated in “Water Resources Utilization in Jiangxi Province” (prepared by Jiangxi Water Planning and Design Institute, printed by Nanchang Ganshui Pringint Plant in October 1986), Shangrao City belongs to Xinjiang River valley. It is a small administrative area, so the water resources mainly characterize in foreign water, its own water yield is small, and the average annual runoff is only 356.5 million m2.There are 6 rivers flowing through the city, mainly Xinjiang River and its main tributaries-Yushan River and Fengxi River.

The proposed airport site is about 4km away from Fengxi River in the east in straight line, about 5km away from Fengxi River in the north in in straight line, and about 7km away from Xinjiang River in the west in in straight line. The water system is not well developed here with only a few ponds (25 in total) for local agricultural irrigation and life use.

(2) Ground Water

Groundwater of Shangrao City mainly shows zonal distribution in the gravel pores on both banks of Xinjiang River, Yushan River, Fengxi and Raobei River. It belongs to pore-space water in loosening rocks in abundance. The depth of groundwater is between 0.5 to 5.0m. The water level and water yield changes along with the seasonal changes, the hydraulic gradient during the rainy season and dry season is 2.49m. The water yield of single-hole drilling (borehole diameter 1.5m) is 400-1600m3/d. The water quality is good, mainly calcium carbonate type of water, degree of mineralization is generally lower than 0.5g/L; pH value is moderate, 6-7. The groundwater recharge mainly depends on rainfalls and direct permeation of surface water through the overlying acid soil. In general, groundwater recharges the river; In the event of flood or the extraction of groundwater, river water recharges groundwater. Per the estimation of groundwater resources based on Shangrao City 1:200,000 Regional Hydrogeologic Survey Report issued by Northeastern Jiangxi Geological Surveying Team, Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources, the average total reserves are approximately 57 million m3. The surface water resources within the boundaries are abundant, so generally groundwater resources are left unused, except that individual regions may need to use groundwater in special drought years;

Groundwater of the proposed airport site mainly occurs in the pebbly clay pores of low-lying land and the fissures of strong weathered bedrocks. It is perched water and bedrock fissure water, the above-mentioned rock beds is weak in the water yield property and permeability, and thus classified as poor aquifer. According to the drilling, exploration and survey, most boreholes do not contain groundwater. Groundwater only occur in the pores of low-lying areas, the average depth of 24h observed fixed level is around 0.2m, and the source of recharge comes from rainfalls and irrigation water. The water level rises and declines along with the seasonal climate changes, the annual change range is generally between 0.20 and 0.50m. The runoff route is relatively short and has the feature of recharge on the spot. The hydrogeological conditions of the airport site are simple. The airport site belongs to subtropical climate zone, all rock and soil layers are classified as poor aquifer and the environmental type of the site is Class III.

3.1.4 Climate and Weather

Shangrao City is in the subtropical humid monsoon climate zone, blessed with plentiful rainfall, a mild climate, adequate sunlight, four distinct seasons, and a long frost-free period, suitable for subtropical crops growth. The annual average temperature is between 16.7°C and 18.3°C, the annual average precipitation is 1901mm, the annual average sunshine duration is 1781 to 2098 hours, and the annual frost-free period lasts for 25l to 274 days. Because of the warm climate, adequate sunlight, plentiful rainfall and long frost-free period, the crops are growing exuberantly. Northeasterlies and north to northeasterlies are prevailing each year, but affected by the monsoon, there are seasonal differences: north to northeasterlies are prevailing in spring and winter, while south to southwesterlies are prevailing in summer and autumn, the accumulative average wind speed is 1.4m/s.

The temporary weather station of Hou Mengtang Site of the proposed airport is located in Zunqiao Village, central of Shangrao County. The coordinate of the observation site is (E117°58′, N28°22′), and the altitude is 112m. Established in March 2010, the observation period of the weather station started from March 2010 to August 2011, and the meteorological date supply period started from April 2011 to August 2011. It can be seen from the wind data that east to northeasterlies and northeasterlies are the prevailing wind directions, accounting for 10.5% and 8.5% of the annual wind directions respectively. The wind speed is low. According to the temperature, humidity and rainfall data of the temporary weather station, the average annual temperature is 17.7°C, the mean monthly maximum temperature is 35.7°C, the mean monthly minimum temperature is 1.0°C, the annual extreme maximum temperature is 39.6°C, and the annual extreme minimum temperature is-4.7°C. The maximum daily rainfall is approximately 183.5mm, rainfall is plentiful. Hou Mentang temporary weather station is now an unmanned automatic station, so it can only collect basic information like wind direction, wind speed, temperature, humidity and rainfall, etc. The manual observation items like visibility, cloud height, thunder and lightning, ice rain, hail stone, mist, lightning are not available with the existing facilities. Shangrao city’s annual climate data are shown below:

Table 3-1-1 Table for statistics of monthly average wind speed for years in succession Unit: m/s

Month

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

Average annual

Average wind speed

1.3

1.3

1.3

1.3

1.2

1.1

1.2

1.2

1.1

1.0

1.1

1.1

1.2

Shangrao City has an average temperature of 18.1°C, year highest temperature appeared in July, the average temperature is 28.9°C, the lowest temperatures occur in January with average temperature of 6.1°C. See Table 3-1-2 for statistical results of average temperature for each month.

Table 3-1-2 Table for statistics of monthly average temperature for years in succession Unit: °C

Month

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

Average annual

Average temperature

6.1

8.6

12.0

17.7

22.4

25.2

28.9

28.3

25.2

19.9

13.9

8.5

18.1

See Table 3-1-3 and Figure 3-1-1 for statistics of each wind direction frequency of Shangrao City for many years.

Table 3-1-3 Table for statistics of each wind direction frequncy for years in succession Unit: %



Wind direction

N

NNE

NE

ENE

E

ESE

SE

SSE

S

SSW

SW

WSW

W

WNW

NW

NNW

C

Frequency

11

11

12

5

3

5

3

2

2

2

5

4

3

1

1

2

28

By Table 3-1-3 and Figure 3-1-1, Shangrao City Frequency knowable, the wind three wind angle and the biggest are N, NNE, NE directions, sum of three wind angles wind frequency is equals to 34%, according to relevant provisions of Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment Atmosphere Environment (HJ 2.2-2008) related to dominant wind direction, N-NE direction is dominant wind direction of the project.

Figure 3-1-1 Wind Rose Diagram of Shangrao City

3.1.5 Natural Resources

(1) Mineral resources

Shangrao City is rich in natural resources with over 70 discovered mineral recourses. It is a key mineral resource reserve of Jiangxi Province. Dexing Copper Mine, whose reserves are No.1 in China, is the largest copper mine in Asia, with its gold and silver reserves accounting for over 86.6% and 65% of the total reserves of Jiangxi Province. Guangfeng phosphorite of Shangrao is one of the eight largest phosphorites in the regions south of the Yangtze River. There are a great variety of beautiful stones like granites, marble stones, and ink stones, etc, and the reserves of these stones are up to 44 billion m3. The reserves of non-metallic mineral resources like coal, limestone, china clay, and bentonite, etc. are very rich, and play an important role in Jiangxi Province. Shangrao City has 4.59 million mu arable lands, 1.47 million mu grasslands, 3.48 million mu water land and 17 million mu forestlands. There are over 320 rivers, larger or small, the theoretical reserves of water power is 1.17 million kW, of which 610,000 kW can be developed and utilized. The forest coverage of the city is 51%. The main tree species include pine wood, China fir, Camphor wood, and Castanopsis wood, etc. Tea-oil tree, tung oil tree, chestnut tree and bamboo, found everywhere in the city, are major economic forest species. The latest survey results issued by National Land and Resources Department of Jiangxi Province in 2009 show that 10 tons of high-quality black talc were recently discovered in Guangfeng County, Shangrao City of Jiangxi Province. Such reserves ranked No.1 in the world.

(2) Animal and Plant Resources

According to the survey on the secondary forest resources in 1999, the city’s total standing stock volume is 190, 275 m3, among which, the volume of Pinus massonianas accounted for 56.4% of the total standing stock volume, 68.4% of the total area; the volume of China firs accounted for 26.9% of the total standing stock volume, 20.69% of the total area; the volume of slash pines accounted for 16.3% of the total standing stock volume, 10.6% of the total area; and the volume of broad-leaved trees accounted for 0.39% of the total standing stock volume, 0.33% of the total area. There are totally 65 families 147 species of woody plants in the city, including 41 families 103 species of trees, 24 families 44 species of shrubs, 76 families 150 species of herbaceous plants, among which there are 27 families 41 species of wetland herbaceous plants and 49 families 109 species of mountain and forest herbaceous plants.

Currently, Shangrao City has 10 families 15 species of mammal animals, including 2 families 2 species of state-level protected animals, 4 families 7 species of provincially protected animals, 6 families 6 species of not specially protected animals; 17 species of reptile animals, including 11 species of provincially protected animals. In addition, there are 12 species of dielectric animals, 7 species of amphibians, 14 species of insets, 14 families 19 species of birds, among which 1 family 2 species are national Grade 2 protected, 13 families 17 species are provincially protected, and 1 family 2 species are not specially protected ; and 10 families 64 types of natural fish.

3.1.6 Physical Cultural Resources

during the preparation of the EA, the EA team has conducted site survey for the airport and the proposed access road and found that there is no physical cultural resources protected at national, provincial, municipal or county level, except that there are family tombs. Consultation with local cultural buears also confirms that there is no cultural relics within the project site.


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