6Ibid. A127. A124, 127, 128 pertain.
7Ibid. A1242. Alexandra and Madeline.
9Ibid. A128 also, November 9, 1865.
10Ibid. A1262, September 29, 1865. Of the seven names, none were currently "Davis." Stiles, Schoenman, Oehne, Martin, Chrislmark.
11Ibid. A1282, October 14, 1865.
12Ibid. A129, December 1, 1865.
13Our "Agua Fria."
15 San Bernardino County Museum Association Quarterly, Winter, 1982, George Momyer interview with George Miller, p. 15.
PART 2, CHAPTER 7
"AN INDIAN GAUNTLET"
The East Fork of the West Fork. Per pioneers, they were attacked in the valley below Pilot Rock and Bald Hills.
2Who wrote a condolence letter to Ed Parrish's widow. San Bernardino County Museum Association Quarterly, Spring, 1958, p. 15.
3Holcomb Memoirs, Brown and Boyd History, Vol. I, pp. 22-23.
41866 Tax Collector's books.
5Possessory Claim A97; on one corner is "a seven foot thick sugar pine."
6Deed G276, March 29, 1866, Johnson-Moore to Abner Wade; "the eight-stamp mill, sawmill attached, 4 steam arrastres, a dwelling house, a cookhouse, blacksmith shop, stable . . . their interests in the ledges," @ $3,750.
7Lawsuits 0170-0174, $26,000 in all, per deposition in Circuit Court-Book of Judgements, p. 130, microfilm in County Clerk's Office: Richard Garvey vs. Abner Wade, Pittsburg and California Mining Company.
8$5,000 in July.
9Deed G428, issued January 11, 1867. Moore bought Green Lode @ $2,900 at Court Auction about July, 1866. A March 9, 1867, Guardian would say "through mismanagement and extravagance, the Green Lode was sold under attachment."
10Miscellaneous Records A145.
11Eliot Lord, The Drama of Virginia City, U.S. Geological survey, 1881; Nevada Association of University Women Edition, 1905, p. 56.
12References in Suits 0170-0174, see note 7. August 10, 1866, Writ of Attachment vs. Wade's Mill.
13Quit-claim deed from Abner Wade to Pittsburg and California Mining Company, G330, August 27, 1866.
14Deed G330, October 27, 1866, Garvey-Southwick had put in $1,000 of the $4,250 owed by Mellus.
15Deed H250, for a $2,726 judgment, which would be issued by the Los Angeles County Sheriff, June 1, 1867. Garvey paid Wade $1,800 for his claim on Mellus property.
16Deposition of Garvey in Case No. 0170.
17Newmark, My Sixty Years, p. 353, 371.
18Possessory Claim A142, December 18, 1866.
19Ibid. A100, September 4, 1866.
20Ibid. A115, December 24, 1866.
21Ibid. A117, December 24, 1866. One house would have stood on Edgewater Point. The other probably on the tip beyond Orchard Bay.
22Assessor's Rolls 1866-67.
24Both Strong and Talmadge children have carried down memories of long, scary hours hiding under the beds.
25Also a Talmadge memory, that of six-year-old Will. San Bernardino County Museum Quarterly, Spring, 1958, p. 10, a symposium of memories of the 1867 Indian attack.
26San Bernardino Guardian, which began weekly publication February 16, 1867; more February 23, 1867.
27A Mr. Stout, according to the tale of George Miller, San Bernardino County Museum Association Quarterly, Spring, 1958.
28A composite, reconciling five participant accounts - County Museum Quarterly, Spring 1958; Holcomb's story in Boyd and Brown, varied pioneer tales, and the Guardian articles of the month. Edt.
29San Bernardino Guardian, March 9, 1867.
30Ibid. February 23, 1867.
31Deed K551, January 11, 1867.
32Possessory Claim A119, March 21, 1867. It would be resurveyed for patent in 1872.
33January 27th (case 0170).
34Stated and priced in Miscellaneous Records A148.
35Suit 0174, Wade deposition.
36Per the March 9th _______________, the Olio was down 80 feet, the Mammoth 80 feet in on a 45 degree angle.
38These had to testify.
39People have always thought La Praix came directly from Sacramento to the Knight-Dickey Mill near Seely Flat.
40Newmark, My Sixty Years, p. 279.
41Deed H250, June, 1867, Garvey bought Mellus's remaining interest @ $100. In July, 1867, was Garvey's trial in San Francisco re Injunction.
42Lawsuit 0171, Garvey deposition.
43Ibid. Wade deposition.
44Miscellaneous Records A1522, June 28, 1867. W. W. Wallace, Wade Hampton, Wm. Tite, S. M. Kier, G. F. Filmore, S. K. Thane, A. A. Partridge, Levi Wade, H. H. Hartman and Abner Wade, Agent.
45Miscellaneous Records A1512, July 10, 1867.
46Later Deed G473.
47San Bernardino Guardian, March 9, 1867, Mining article.
48Miscellaneous Records A149, May 1, 1867.
49San Bernardino Guardian, June 22nd.
50Dickey-Treadwell mortgages, A67, B348, B350.
51San Bernardino Guardian, July 18, 1867.
52Chattel Mortgage Book 1, pg 1; Huston-Waters @ $1,000; Miscellaneous Records C525.
53San Bernardino Guardian, September 16, 1867.
54Ibid. July 20th.
55Possessory Claim A132, September 2, 1867.
56Possessory Claim A164-65, December 31, 1867.
57San Bernardino Guardian, October 16, 1867.
58Ibid. July, Helium bubbles, per Gilbert Ellis Bailey, AM, Ph.D., "Some Hot Springs of Southern California" (USC, 1919).
59Miscellaneous Records A154, October 2, 1867, Garvey, Mars, Pringle, Kinneman.
60Deed H127 @ $500. October 31, 1867.
61San Bernardino Guardian, October 5th.
63Ibid. December 31, 1867.
PART 2, CHAPTER 8
"SAMPLING MOUNTAIN RESOURCES"
Adelanto Springs crossing, one mile below Mojave Narrows.
2San Bernardino Guardian.
3The Central Pacific in March acquired a small railroad south of San Francisco, planning to build down the Santa Clara and San Joaquin Valleys on a Congress‑given authorization to connect with the Atlantic-to-the-Pacific franchise, sponsored by Senator Benton. The name of the company was the Southern Pacific. Southern Pacific Historical Sketch, Bureau of News, Dept. of Development, March, 1933.
4San Bernardino Guardian, January 4, 1868.
5Ibid. January 11th.
6Ibid. April 25th, to McKenny and Matthews.
8Ibid. July 1, 1868.
9Mortgage B 357.
10Deed H146, February 4, 1868; H252, April 2, 1868.
11Case No. 0174.
12Miscellaneous Records A163, May 8, 1868.
14"Little Grass Valley in Sawpit Canyon," according to pioneers in the May, 1897, Semi-Centennial Times-Index.
15San Bernardino Guardian, August 22, 1868.
16Huston's location is eventually learned as on the east half of Section 19, Township 2 North, Range 3 West, in the canyon now occupied by the Arrowhead Alpine Conference Grounds, Rose Canyon.
17Deed H283, Mortgage A96, May 26, 1868.
18Interview with Cash Caley, youngest son of the marriage, donor of the Bear Valley Mill picture, including the house.
19Later Fleming Creek.
20The account of Mollie Tyler Bright, daughter of Jerusha Hancock, a Hancock-Bemis genealogist.
21William Stewart La Praix had come here then.
22San Bernardino Guardian, November 8, 1868.
23They know places we do not. Maybe Holcomb branch and Coxey country.
24Miscellaneous Records A183, December 28, 1868.
25Mortgage Book B444, October 31, 1868, from Wolff and Folkes; Hauling, March 20, 1869.
26San Bernardino Guardian, September 12, 1868 (Farciot's pump).
27W. D. Frazee, San Bernardino County, Climate, and Resources.
28San Bernardino Guardian, December 5, 1868.
PART 3, CHAPTER 1
"NEW GATEWAY TO THE MOUNTAINS"
1San Bernardino Guardian, February 20, 1869
2Ibid. April 24th.
3Ibid. March 26th.
4May 10, 1869. Stone, Men to Match My Mountains, p. 290.
5San Bernardino Guardian, June 5, 1869. Knight Shingle Mill, Camel and 4th Streets.
6Ibid. March 20th.
8Ibid. October 23rd.
9Miscellaneous Records, A 185.
10Deed K 553, March 6, 1869.
11Agreement A 57, May 31, 1869.
12Miscellaneous Records A 187, A 188, A 189, A 190, A 193, A 194.
13San Bernardino Guardian, July 10, 1869.
14Ibid. September 11th.
15Miscellaneous Records A 261, September 26, 1869. Later these mines are referred to as “Cox Mines.”
16San Bernardino Guardian, September 25, 1869.
17Newmark, My Sixty Years, p. 394.
18Southern Pacific Historical Sketch (Bureau of News, Development Department, 1933).
19Miscellaneous Records A 258, recorded January 11, 1870.
20His name may be Mulla__’n’. Script is difficult.
21San Bernardino Guardian, December 25, 1869.
22Agreement A 60; Mullau – Norris and McWorthy – 5700 sheep and $1
T2N R1W E ½ Section 24, NE ¼ Section 25, Section 23
R1E S ½ Section 12, Section 13, Section 23
N ½ Section 26, NE ¼ Section 27, Section 23
R2E W ½ Section 15, SE ¼ Section 6, NE ¼ Section 7
E ½ and NW ¼ Section 19, Sections 16, 17, 18, 30
23Per Historical Sketch of Southern Pacific (Bureau of News) – after December 31, 1869.
24See Miscellaneous Records A 245, Mullau – Avery.
25At which time 15 parcels of assigned land would be patented. Miscellaneous Records A 245 – A 276.
26San Bernardino Guardian.
27H. V. Meeks, “From Turnpike to Motorway,” August, 1932. From an interview with Jeff Daley, a son. Eugene Daley in a January 8, 1939, article reported his father, William Daley, assisted by Pond brothes from Greenlead mine, built the upper section. It may have been his $500 contribution – Articles of Incorporation, Beattie.
28Mortgage B585, February 8, 1870.
291870 Tax Rolls say: “sawmill in Little Bear Valley, on a possessory claim.”
30San Bernardino Guardian, April 16, 1870; Los Angeles Daily News, April 15th.
31Miscellaneous Records A 198, January 25th; A 208 (ext) February 3rd.
PART 3, CHAPTER 2
"LUMBERING VIA TWIN & CITY CREEK TURNPIKE"
San Bernardino Guardian, April 23rd. Lumbering via Twin and City Creek Turnpike.
2Miscellaneous Records A236, A306.
3Ibid. A246. This year the Brown sons received John Brown Sr.'s cattle-brand for their cattle-raising efforts in the knee-deep grass of the Val Verde Ranch (Mojave Crossing).
4San Bernardino Guardian, July 16, 1870.
5Patent A63, 280a in Section 29, 3N, 4W, May 10, 1870, J. P. Houghton; Patents to 1440 acres in 4W and 5W. At least, so the 1870 tax book says. Starting with parts of Section 29, James P. Houghton receives land in California as assignee for State of New York, May 1, 1869. Patents to parts of Section 28, Section 13, A140, A141.
6San Bernardino Guardian, July 16, 1870.
7Ibid. October 15th.
8Ibid. October 29th.
9Ibid. October 15th.
10Ibid. October 15th.
11Ibid. September 1st.
12Deeds J592, James to Barney Carter; I592, Dickey to Reuben Anderson.
13Miscellaneous Records A334, Avery-Anderson.
14San Bernardino Guardian, January 21, 1871. Also Jeff Daley story to H. V. Meeks, National Motorist, August, 1932. The Beattie article on Road Incorporation said Huston sued the Twin Creek Company for "letting him use an unrepaired road."
15Miscellaneous Records A274, March 1871. Blackhawk District organized.
16Ibid. A243. Later a congressman from his state.
17Ibid. A261. "2 1/2 miles SW of Holcomb Valley Quartz Mill."
18San Bernardino Guardian, March 11, 1871.
20Ibid. March 6th.
21Southern Pacific Historical Sketch (Bureau of News).
22San Bernardino Guardian, February 5, 1871; April 1st.
23Land Patent A338, August 17, 1871. West of Daley Road at summit gap.
24Later John Comerford would have Patent B64, N 1/2 of SE 1/4 of SE 1/4, Sec. 29, T2N, R3W. "Old John" memories come from Don Tyler and Molie Tyler Bright, children of Charles and Jerusha Tyler.
25Deed L59, August 14, 1871; the $52.67 was proffered by friend Horace Rolfe; K535 records repayment to Rolfe.
26See Mars - Mortgage B563, January 3, 1870, cleared 12-12-71.
27San Bernardino Guardian, July 4, 1871.
28Ibid. July 22nd.
29Ibid. August 2nd.
30Ibid. August 24th.
31San Bernardino Guardian, September 26, 1871.
32Ibid. October 7th.
33Ibid. December 2nd.
34Newmark, My Sixty Years, pp. 440-441.
35Mortgage C244, August 26, 1871.
36Miscellaneous Records A326.
37Deed L454, Grass Valley Steam Sawmill to Charles and J. B. Tyler.
PART 3, CHAPTER 3
"J.B. DIARY & THE GRASS VALLEY SAWMILL"
( note - the complete diary was printed in the book)
PART 3, CHAPTER 4
"SAWDUST VERSUS GOLD DUST"
Tyler's land, contracted directly from Avery as promised to Anderson, is the East half and Southwest quarter of Section 17, and the Northwest quarter of Section 20, Township 2 North, Range 3 West, now the lovely Grass Valley Country Club addition.
2Possessory Claim A338. NW 1/4, Section 30, T2N, R3W. Photographs and stories from Joseph Scherman, Orange County Forester.
3Dutch Charlie's last name may be "Fiedler." Deeds show his movement in the approximate area.
4Deed L59, March 15, 1872, legal after September 15th.
5Deed L56, June 1, 1872.
6Patent to 141 a placer granted November 25, 1872, and the ledges A89, A94, by Lot Number. Mammoth A102 (Lot 40), Olio A131 (Lot 38), San Bernardino A106 (Lot 39), granted January 2, 1873.6.36 chains north of placer boundary entered August 27, 1872.
7Deed L353, September 30, 1872.
8Deed L356, December 2, 1872.
9Deed L358, December 2, 1872. Garvey to Holcomb Valley G.M. & M. Ltd.
10Mortgage Book C224.
11Southern Pacific Historical Sketch (Bureau of News, 1933).
13Miscellaneous Records A523. (About double his cost.)
14Patent C389. NW 1/4, Section 23, T2N, R3W @ $200.
15Agreement with D. T. Huston, November 6, 1872, Chattel Mortgage A1. Much later, the site of the Arrowhead Ranger Station. However, by 1874 the Metcalf-Schermann Mill is shown (by Mortgage A111) to be on the NE 1/4, Section 23, T2N, R3W, on a stream directly back of Santa's Village, Skyforest, per Louie Calwell White. A road came to it along the front from Old John's.
16Burr Helden, History in the Making, Sun-Telegram, March 23, 1952.
17San Bernardino Guardian, February 1st, 1873.
19San Bernardino Guardian, February 26, 1873.
20Deeds M53 @ $512.12; M386 (corrected). Patent A243, and map.
21San Bernardino Guardian, May 3, 1873.
23San Bernardino Guardian, May 3, 1873.
24Mountain mahogany ash, they discovered, smothered the fires.
25These Lone Valley locations take on added interest when you know that, under the original name or another, they continue to have commercial value in the 1950s. See Volume 49, Spring, 1853, Journal of Mines.
26San Bernardino Argus, May 28, 1873.
27Miscellaneous Records, A512, June 6, 1873.
28San Bernardino Guardian, June 29, 1873.
29Ibid. August 16th.
30See Tyler Diary, June 29th.
31San Bernardino Guardian, July 26th.
32Southern Pacific Historical Sketch (Bureau of News, 1933).
33Tyler Diary, p. 35.
34San Bernardino Guardian, June 28, 1873.
35All the above information comes from the deeds themselves, as recorded in the San Bernardino County Recorder's Office (Hall of Records, Second Floor) in Books of Miscellaneous Records. They are given so completely because they will be challenged, misrepresented, litigated.
36Even if Barney Carter had bought Littlefield Lead out, they would be paid more by the Gold Mountain Mine Co. for clearing title (M488), March 1874.
37A cap-rock region later to be called "the Saragossa Thrust" by geologist Robert Guillot.
38Miscellaneous Records A550-551, December 1, 1873 - a Baird option signed to Baldwin and Curtis, December 10, 1873.
39The Ophir, owned by E. J. Baldwin. We are told in Glasscock's biography of "Lucky" Baldwin (New York, 1933), that "an old prospector he had once grubstaked had sent him word of a mine in Bear Valley that might interest him," p. 169. It had to be Garfield or Baird.
40Pat Higby, per the tax collector, had a law library, so might have been a well-versed man with whom to while away the winter.
41Deed M473, December 15, 1873, @ $10,000.
43Deed M473, December 15, 1873.
44San Bernardino Guardian. Did someone lose a decimal point?
45Miscellaneous Records, A564, January 7, 1874.
47February 18, 1874, per Boyd and Brown History. Deed O77, January 2, 1875.
48San Bernardino Weekly Argus, August 17, 1874.
49San Bernardino Guardian, January 31st.
50Miscellaneous Records A636.
51There were other claimants than Littlefield, and Barney and Charlie Carter from whom Baldwin had bought: Sam Barnum, Enoch Davis, Martin Anderson, R. A. Hester.
52C. B. Glasscock, "Lucky" Baldwin (A. L. Burt Co., New York, 1933), pp. 169-171.
53Per the May 30th Guardian, when it was erected.
54San Bernardino Guardian, February 21, 1874. Different than Haley's Mammoth Ledge.
55"John Bull Flat" per a 1953 Mining Journal.
56Shipping ore to San Francisco (Formerly Wilson, Holmes, McCurdy).
57April 28, 1874.
58"Gold, Silver, and History," a Laurence Jacobs copyright thesis (UCLA, 1962), p. 32. See Map Book I, p. 3.
59San Bernardino Guardian, May 30th. Why no Holcomb Valley plat.
62San Bernardino Guardian, June 6, 1874.
63Los Angeles Evening Express, May 13, 1874.
64San Bernardino Guardian, June 13th.
65Patent B520 on SE 1/4, Section 5, T3S, R1E. Mortgage on Gilman-Akers mill.
67Charles B. Tyler remembered many a picnic under a big sugar pine at the Rose Canyon-Grass Valley Road junction.
68There was something about a paper that was lost. Caley would pay if they would show him the paper. They thought he had it.
69The Upper Old Mill was at P. E. Camp, now Pine View, per Denver Benson, Talmadge grandson who played there. In 1874 it was still on public land.
70Caley-Talmadge partnership agreement.
71Deed M569, May 21, 1874.
72San Bernardino Argus, August 31, 1874.
73San Bernardino Guardian, August 22nd.
75Miscellaneous Records B17, August 11th.
76Water Records on company members around Baldwin Lake: A35, B15, B29, B30, B44, B45, B47.
77Miscellaneous Records B82, September 12th.
78San Bernardino Guardian, August 8th. L. D. Wilson, Holmes, McCurdy up to April 15, 1874, when they sold to Jess Youngquist at $10,000.
79Miscellaneous Records B47, October 22nd.
80San Bernardino Argus, September 21st.
81San Bernardino Guardian, September 13th.
82San Bernardino Guardian, October 1st, and Dunlap Valley is mentioned.
83San Bernardino Argus, August 31, 1874. Valley quail around Agua Mansa.
84San Bernardino Guardian, September 1st.
85Los Angeles Star, October 7th. Also Deed N224, November 6, 1874.
87Deed N350, December 3, 1974.
88Tax Rolls, 1874-75.
89The weight of a forty-stamp mill would be 140,000 pounds.
90Per Guardian correspondent Hack Hurley, December 19th.
91Wilson and Taylor, the Southern Pacific; Roaring Story of a Fighting Railroad (McGraw-Hill 1952), p. 61, presenting casting their bullion in 700 pound cannon balls to outwit robbers, of which there were so many that Wells Fargo refused to run a stageline there. Caesar Meyerstein of San Bernardino hauled the first supplies 168 miles up the new road.
92Ibid. P. 61.
93Ibid. Pp. 61-62.
94Judge W. D. Frazee, San Bernardino County Climate and Resources, 1876. Also Belden, History in the Making, Sun-Telegram, April, May 11, 1852.
95Tyler Diary. Quigley was below Little Bear Creek Narrows per 1874 Tax Rolls.
96San Bernardino Guardian.
97Wilson and Taylor, Roaring Story, p. 62.
98Southern Pacific Historical Sketch (Bureau of News, 1933), p. 37.
PART 3, CHAPTER 5
"GOLD WEIGHTS THE SCALE"
2Southern Pacific Historical Sketch (Bureau of News).
3Beattie, Heritage of the Valley, pp. 337-338; picture opposite, p. 295.
4Raymond Holt, "The Mountain They Put in Sacks," Westways Magazine, Vol. 50, No. 6 (June, 1858).
5San Bernardino Guardian, April and May advertisements and correspondence.
6San Bernardino Weekly Argus, May 3, 1875.
7January 4, 1875, he had sold back to the head of the Ralston Ring shares that had cost him $60 at $315, five million dollars worth. It might be fair to add that the acquisition of all the San Gabriel holdings except Santa Anita, purchased from Newmark, was his "luck" and another man's sorrow.
8Curtis had apparently been returned to Virginia City duties. It is possible that this James R. Keene was the mining engineer famed for San Francisco Mining Exchange transactions, who did occasionally work with Baldwin. Glasscock, "Lucky" Baldwin, p. 150 and p. 160.
9of March 20, 1875, Los Angeles Evening Express, March 21, 1875.
10San Bernardino Guardian, April 3, 1875,or Deed N330, November 19, 1874. According to Glascock, Baldwin never thought Gold Mountain was rich, just endlessly supplied with low grade ore. "Lucky" Baldwin, p. 171.
11Patent A269, 19.53 acres near the 2-3/10-11 corner of T2N, R2E.
121875 Tax Receipts.
13See also Miscellaneous Records B106, on the line between 31/32. The same area later owned by del Mars, Gardner and Griffin, then Pedley, then Hitchcock.
141875 Tax Receipts.
15Patent A176, May 3, 1875. All of Section 22, S 1/2 of Section 23, N 1/2 of Section 26, NE 1/4 of Section 27, T2N, R2E (Moonridge). Mr. Slauson was a Los Angeles banker and business man, perhaps owner of sheep.
16Deed O196 @ $9,375, March 22, 1875.
171875 Tax Receipts.
18Miscellaneous Records B94, April 30th.
20Miscellaneous Records B138, La Praix-Simon Jackson agreement, NW 1/4 Section 22, T2N, R3W @ $1600. Formerly Hunningers.
21However, he paid taxes on all of Section 15. It might be interesting to know that when it did sell, it carried the Southern Pacific name on the deed.
221875 Tax Rolls.
23Tyler Diary, Mary 27, 1875.
24San Bernardino Guardian, May 29th.
25Deed O408 to Garvey @ $1 - half; O406 to Thomas @ $10 - half. But Garvey sold his to C. C. Thomas at $1,000, Deed O404, June 15, 1875, and John Brown had received $1,000 for his interest in Valencia Mine.
26Mrs. Wozencraft, Mrs. Rousseau, H. Rolfe and John Brown Jr. were awarded $600 for a contested strip. Later he dealt with Henry Willis and Sydney Waite on the same issue.
27San Bernardino Guardian, May 15th.
28Ibid. June 12th.
29Frazee, San Bernardino County Climate and Resources, p. 51. A hundred miles, he said.
30Declared in 1879.
31Tyler Diary, June 4th. The sequel was learned in a 1955 interview with Louie Colwell White, 85, and one of the sisters, and a summer resident at Strawberry Flat.
32Tyler Diary, July 4-6th.
33Irving Stone, Men to Match My Mountains, pp. 318-320.
34Glasscock, "Lucky" Baldwin, p. 150.
35Tyler Diary, September 17th; San Bernardino Guardian, September 20th.
36Ibid. October 10th, 11th, 12th; San Bernardino Guardian, October 19th.
37Possessory Claim B68, September 11, 1875; SE 1/4, Section 6, T2N, R4W.
38San Bernardino Argus, October 11th.
39Ibid. November 16th.
40Eliot Lord, The Drama of Virginia City, p. 84.
41Wilson and Taylor, Roaring Story, p. 62.
42Frazee, San Bernardino County Climate and Resources, p. 69.
PART 3, CHAPTER 6
"TIPPING BACK THE SCALE"
San Bernardino Argus, January 8, 1876.
3cf. Note 57, 1863.
4San Bernardino Argus, October 18th. We will hear of it.
5Tyler Diary, May 19th to 22nd, 1876.
6Interview with son Joseph Schermann, for years Fire Control Officer at Santa Ana.
7Tyler Diary, August 15, 1876.
8Ibid. August 27th.
9Frazee in the 1876 County Resources book says 40-60 teams were driving from the five sawmills, bringing three million board feet of lumber to market.
10San Bernardino Guardian, June 10, 1876.
11C. B. Glasscock, "Lucky" Baldwin, p. 197.
12On Greenwood. See also Mining Records 23-88, 23-91.
13Miscellaneous Records B191.
14 ibi. B199, October 10, 1876.
15San Bernardino Weekly Times-Index, April 16, 1878, accounting for sixteen idle months.
16Miscellaneous Records B306: Affidavit of James B. Cook, resident mining recorder. He claimed Gold Mountain Company to have gone bankrupt at this time, September 1876. There was rumor of a disagreement between Baldwin and Garvey, who claimed that Baldwin owed him money. Perhaps Baldwin would not pay for the Valencia Mine which he had Garvey buy. Glasscock, Baldwin's biographer, mentions it, with a different cause. Belden, History in the Making, May 16, 1954, tells a tale.
17Minutes, Board of Supervisors, November 13, 1876, p. 297.
18Irving Stone, Men to Match My Mountains, p. 373.
21Book of Leases A99, November 8, 1876.
22Stone, Men to Match My Mountains, p. 279.
23Ibid. P. 382.
24Ibid. P. 299.
25San Bernardino Weekly Argus, March 28, 1877.
26Joe Tyler's diary never told it until it happened.
27Tyler Diary. Interview with Cassius Caley, son, Crestline resident in the 1950s.
28Tyler Diary, May 8, 1877.
29cf. Redlands Citrograph, May 2, 1893.
31Wilson and Taylor, Roaring Story of a Fighting Railroad, p. 64.
32Ibid. P. 62.
33Deed P555 from Reyes.
34Tyler Diary. "Baby Charley," possessor of the lifetime Tyler diaries, came up several times between 1955 and 1965 to point out locations, answer questions and name sawmill-family descendants who might be reached for an interview. After living with his father's diary for so long, I almost felt like a member of the family at his Baseline orange grove. He was my bridge to the past.
35Mortgages D117, March 1877, and G174, March, 1878. Caro kept the mill and would later buy the timberland - public, railroad or Avery's - on which he has cut.
36Present Cedar Pines Park.
37Affidavit of James B. Ook in a later proof-of-labor trial. Note 15.
38Book of Leases 108. M. S. Hall, with a mill at the head of Water Canyon, had sold out to George W. Scott, and is said to have lost $100,000 in this and two other pass projects. Hughes, History of Banning, pp. 17-18.
39Water Records: Charles Wooley, B234; Peter Thompson, B246; Welwood Murray, B243.
40Wilson and Taylor, Roaring Story, p. 65.
41Water Records A129.
43San Bernardino Weekly Times-Index, January 19, 1878.
44Ibid. February 7, 1878.
45Water Records, March 2, 1878; Beall-Schermann Chattel Mortgage, A116, May 1, 1878.
46San Bernardino Weekly Times-Index, May 26, 1878.
47Ibid. April 16th.
48cf. notes 48 and 49. Sawdust vs. Gold dust. Later references are to eight patented and eight unpatented claims.
49Miscellaneous Records B302 and B306, a recopy of the Golden Horn, Golden Way, etc., relocations of Moonlight, Rainbow and Littlefield Mines by McMasters.
50San Bernardino Times-Index, May 17th.
51Ibid. July 13th.
52Ibid. May 11th.
53Ibid. May 25th.
54Ibid. July 23rd.
55Patent A366, SE 1/4, Section 18, T2N, R4W, June 20, 1878
56Per Deed U117, SE 1/4, Section 6, T2N, R4W.
57Deed U 191 @ $100, June 20, 1878.
58Weekly Times-Index, August 10, 1878.
60In Autin Drake's Big Bear history, Legends and Tales (Grizzly Press, Big Bear, 1949), pp. 41-42, he seems to be telling the tale of George G. Lee, said by his family to have posted the Pencil Lead Mine before Waterman, which is not yet. He did locate a White Metal Mine and several others with whitish ore, and several years later Peter Forsee came with a party of pioneers to try to find George G. Lee's mine. (Miscellaneous Records A530 was the Lone Star Lode referred to, in the Arlington District, "3/4 of a mile east of a big white rock.")
61San Bernardino Weekly Times-Index, July 18th, August 10th, 1878.
62Ibid. August 17th.
63San Bernardino Weekly Times-Index, August 25th.
64Ibid. August 21st.
65Ibid. August 28th.
66Tyler Diary, August 23rd.
67Ibid. April 19th.
68From the Congregationalist Church downtown.
69San Bernardino Weekly Times-Index, August 15th.
70. . . and in vain. Guernsey biography, Luther A. Ingersoll, Century Annals of San Bernardino County (Los Angeles, 1904), p. 854. Tyler Diary, July 9, 1878.
71Ibid. June 9th.
72Weekly Times-Index, May 25th, June 8th.
73$30,000, it was later said. Hughes, History of Banning, p. 22.
74San Bernardino Times-Index, September 6-11th.
75Ibid. October 23rd.
76Tyler Diary, September 29, 1878.
77San Bernardino Times-Index, September 6th.
78Agreement B33, May 24, 1878.
79San Bernardino Times-Index, October 7, 1878.
80Ibid. September 24th.
81Miscellaneous Records, to be his if unredeemed in six months. Actually it was transferred back to Talmadge six years later.
82Fremont to Governor of Arizona.
PART 3, CHAPTER 7
"MORE WEIGHTS FOR THE SCALE"
San Bernardino Times-Index, January 10, 1879.
2Ibid. February 11th.
3Tyler Diary, April 29th.
6San Bernardino Times-Index, June 14th.
7Ibid. July 29th.
8Ibid. September 13th.
9Ibid. May 15th.
10San Bernardino Times-Index, June 23rd, 1879.
11Ibid. May 20th.
12Per Ranger Bert Switzer, the mill was in the cienega above Camp Seeley entrance, off the end of present Valley of Enchantment. They bought S 1/2 Section 21 from Shea @ $500, S 1/2 of SE 1/4 Section 16 from Bickerstaff @ $125, $850 tract of "railroad land" from F. M. Hyde, and something from Sheldon Stoddrad for which they paid $3,600 and 13,000 feet of lumber.
13San Bernardino Times-Index, June 23rd.
15The Times-Index carried three-quarters of a column describing the wedding festivities, August 2, 1879.
16Times-Index, September 20th, per the Wilson and Tyler Roaring Story of a Fighting Railroad book, p. 76, they are building between Gila Bend and Tucson.
17No possessory claim or patent or homestead was found for Sheldon Stoddrad on the mountain, yet he was there.
18Tyler Diary, September 3rd.
19Ibid. September 2nd.
20Ibid. October 26th.
21James Marshall, Santa Fe, The Railroad That Built an Empire (Random House, 1845), pp. 167-8, 180.
22Report of the State Agriculture Board, 1879.
23Belden, History in the Making, Sun-Telegram, May 11, 1952. Reminiscences of John Isaacs at the San Diego opening of the California Southern Railroad, November 15, 1885.
25San Bernardino Weekly Times, April 12, 1880.
26Deed 22-216; Tyler Diary, April 29, 1880.
27Agreement B276, "four miles north of Holcomb Gold Mill, on the north slope toward the desert."
28Mining Records, B413.
30There is another story that the Indian Agent shot an Indian on the Colorado Reservation; that his brother shot the Agent, and the Indians fled to the mountains when the soldiers came. In the trial the whole story, as quoted, came out.
31San Bernardino Weekly Times, May 22, 1880.
32For $8,000 worth, which did not come to trial for sixteen years.
33San Bernardino Weekly Times, August 14th.
34Ibid. July 3rd.
35Ibid. May 15th.
36Tyler Diary, June 27th.
37San Bernardino Weekly Times, July 10th. Patent B21.
38Some part of the property later Pinecrest, we think.
39San Bernardino Weekly Times, July 31st. Attachments.
40Ibid. May 15th.
41Edmund Jaeger, Desert Wildflowers (Stanford University Press, 1940-41). p. 253. Eventually Parish would go to the Oakland Herbarium (Outwest Magazine, March, 1906).
42Tyler Diary, July 7, 1880.
43Interviews with Mollie Tyler Bright and Don Tyler, children of the union.
44San Bernardino Weekly Times, September 8th.
46Tyler Diary, the last week of September.
471880 Tax Rolls.
48San Bernardino Weekly Times, December 2, 1880.
49One copy of Perris' report went to the state engineer, one was posted in Congressman Satterwhite's office, one went to the publisher of the San Bernardino Weekly Times.
50San Bernardino Weekly Times, October 16, 1880.
51Ibid. November 6th, favorably from J. C. Henly, English coal mine manager.
52San Bernardino Weekly Times, December 18th.
53Deed 23-200, October 2, 1880.
54Miscellaneous Records B632-633.
55San Bernardino Weekly Times, December 29th.
56Ibid. December 4, 1880.
57i.e., the Barstow curve of the Mojave River. December 7-8th, 1880. Belden, History in the Making, Sun-Telegram, November 2, 1952.
60Agreement B469, March 1881, San Bernardino Valley Index.
63San Bernardino Valley Index, April 15, 1881. It was called "Strawberry Hill."
64Ibid. June 24th.
67Land Patent C126: E 1/2 Section 20, W 1/2 Section 21, W 1/2 Section 16, T2N R4W.
68San Bernardino Valley Index, May 13, 1881. Water B666 is Blackburns' claim to 1,000 flowing inches of the Holcomb branch of the Mojave.
69San Francisco Daily Report quoted here. San Bernardino Valley Index, June 22, 1881.
70San Bernardino Valley Index, May 13, 1881.
71Ibid. June 3rd.
72Belden, History in the Making, Sun-Telegram, October 26, 1952; November 2, 1952.
74San Bernardino Valley Index, August 26, 1881.
75Tyler Diary, July 21-24th. A compilation of facts and fancy.
76Tyler Diary, August.
77San Bernardino Valley Index. The title is one of courtesy, only, per a Westways biography.
78Tyler Diary, June.
79Deed Book 25, p. 491, in Sections 11-13, 2N 1E, @ $1,500. Of course he is non-titular holder of the 3,000 acres purchased by his brother‑in‑law, Thomas Fawcett.
80San Bernardino Valley Index, March 25th.
81Miscellaneous Records C156, 162, 164, 166, August 29, 1881.
82Miscellaneous Records C154, April 15th.
83San Bernardino Valley Index, September 30th.
85Water Records A224.
87Joe Tyler moved to town and handled the lumber from the Snowline Yard: 58,000 @ $18-1/2; 330,000 @ $14 would have been $1,700 over the figure paid.
88Water A243, December, 1881. Later the Citrograph would tell of a Hubbard interest in this project, and of his turning to Harqua Hala Mine when he could not form a company.
89Belden, History in the Making, Sun-Telegram, July 6, 1952.
90San Bernardino Valley Index, July 15, 1881.
91Which the CSRR has bought and will lease back to the mine owners. Lease B457-B580.
92San Bernardino Valley Index, July-November.
93Ibid. April 22, 1881.
94Riverside Press and Horticulturist, December 3, 1881. L. M. Holt.
PART 3, CHAPTER 8
"NEW USES FOR MINERS' INCHES"
Tyler Diary; Belden, History in the Making, Sun-Telegram, July 6, 1952.
2Southern Pacific Historical Sketch (Bureau of News); Riverside Press and Horticulturist, February 25, 1882.
3Riverside Press and Horticulturist, January 28, 1882.
4Ibid. April 8, 1882.
5Colton Semi-Tropic, May 6, 1882.
6Riverside Press and Horticulturist, June 3rd.
7Ibid. January 14th; May 6th.
8Belden, History in the Making, Sun-Telegram, June 6, 1952. Redlands Map of 1882.
9Riverside Press and Horticulturist, January 21, 1882.
10Tyler Diary, May.
12San Bernardino Daily Times, June 13, 1882.
13Land Certificates 8256, 8341, 8360, referred to in Deed 88‑213 when Archibald bought the land. Semi-Centennial columns in 1897 Index said "Hudson moved the mill down to Dark Cayon, and brought it back . . . "
14Tyler's Diary, October 12th, probably on NW 1/4 Section 28, T2N R3W.
15Big Bear Panorama, p. 65. Book of Brands (San Bernardino County Museum). I.S. brand granted to James Smart May 26, 1882.
16Glasscock, Lucky Baldwin, pp. 171, 175, 237; Fawcett-Baldwin Deed Book 35-307.
17Riverside Press and Horticulturist, April 1, 1882.
18Ibid. April 29th, June 17th.
19Ibid. July 23rd.
20Tyler Diary, June 3rd, 1882.
21Riverside Press and Horticulturist.
23Riverside Press and Horticulturist, June 10th, September 23rd, December 9th.
24Ibid. December 9, 1882.
25Ibid. Janaury 27, 1883. The railroad blamed tramps; the public said, "niggardliness of help."
26Tyler Diary, February 7, 1883.
27Ibid. March 2nd to April 14th.
28Big Bear Panorama (Big Bear High School, 1934), p. 66; in November, James Boyd would say in a Press article, "early in May."
29Redlands Citrograph article - later.
30Big Bear Panorama, p. 66.
31Riverside Press and Horticulturist, June 9th, August 22nd.
32Water Records A311, June 15, 1883.
33Riverside Press and Horticulturist, June 30, 1883.
34Ibid. July 7th.
35Land Patent B285, February 10, 1883. SW 1/4 Section 24 T2N R3W, between Fern and Shake Creeks.
37Patent B297, August 30th.
38Mortgage 0569 when sold to Bennet and Shaver, predicted in Elliott's 1883 History of San Bernardino County, pp. 94-95.
39Tyler Diary, August 7th.
40Riverside Press and Horticulturist, August 11th; History in the Making, Sun-Telegram, May 11, 1952, Belden.
41A court decision of August 4th actually gave the California Southern the crossing privilege. She should not have had to fight for it.
42James Marshall, The Santa Fe, Railroad That Built an Empire, p. 171, August 8, 1883.
43Riverside Press and Horticulturist, August 30, 1883.
44Ibid. November 10, 1883. The report of James Boyd, Riverside, rancher and road builder, and sometimes special correspondent.
45Riverside Press and Horticulturist, November 10, 1883; also Scientific American, March 10, 1888. Slover Mountain Marble and Lime Quarry was producing fifty barrels daily, but nobody said whether it made Bear Valley Cement, or if this was shipped in.
46Riverside Press and Horticulturist, September 29, 1883.
47October 20, 1883. Clyde's lands were in SW 1/4 Section 2 T2N R5W.
48Riverside Press and Horticulturist, June 30th.
49Mines A328-331. The Lawshe, Moronga and Yellowjack.
50Riverside Press and Horticulturist, June 16, 1883; Water D21 for use on Section 16 and 17 T1N R1E.
51Ibid. August 4th.
52Ibid. July 21st, September 8th.
53See Lease Agreement, Smith-Darby, August 15, 1883.
54Deeds 34-446; Mortgage N165, August 23, 1883, N246: SE 1/4 of Section 21, SW 1/4 of Section 22, NW 1/4 of Section 28, 2N 3W. Crest Park and Down Canyon.
55Tyler Diary, September 23rd, 1883.
56Riverside Press and Horticulturist, October 6, 1883.
57Marshall, Santa Fe, the Railroad That Built an Empire, p. 171.
58Riverside Press and Horticulturist, October 6, 1883.
60Possessory Claim B110, Mountain Home Cy; September, 1883.
61Riverside Press and Horticulturist; Drake, Big Bear History, Legends, and Tales, p. 23.
62Ibid. January 5, 1884.
63Water Records B36. There was no mention of Talmadge and Yager's earlier filing, but they were very careful to refile every sixty days all year.
64Los Angeles Daily Herald, January 5, 1884.
65Riverside Press and Horticulturist, February 23, 1884, when Simms came down.
66Tyler Diary, February 17, 1884.
67Riverside Press and Horticulturist, February 23rd.
69Riverside Press and Horticulturist, March 8th.
70Ibid. March 17th.
71Ibid. April 19th.
72Ibid. May 3rd.
73Ibid. June 7, 1884; there is a fuller account given August 30, 1884.
74Mortgage O569 $ $3,500, July 15, 1884, on N 1/2 Section 22, and 5 acres of Section 14, T2N R4W out of Huston Creek.
75The Snowline Mill on the northwest quarter of Section 28, Township 2 North, Range 3 West, i.e., Crest Park.
76Riverside Press and Horticulturist, June 14, 1884.
77Ibid. August 30th; September 6th. A complete story of the trip.
80Austin Drake, Big Bear Valley History, Legends, and Tales, picture #1, p. 21.
81Deed 50-369, March 15, 1884.
82They were filing together on springs for watering stock.
83Water B36, November, 1883. Its first name was "Duck Lake."
85Riverside Press and Horticulturist, July 12th, quoting San Bernardino Valley Index.
86Ibid. September 8, 1884.
PART 3, CHAPTER 9
"STEAM WHISTLES IN CAJON PASS"
1Press and Horticulturist, January 3, 1885; Mineral Records A 468, February 28, 1884.
2Press and Horticulturist, May 14, 1885; Water Records B 235.
3Press and Horticulturist, February 9, 1885.
4Tyler Diary entry.
6The 1884 amount . . per Riverside Press and Horticulturist.
6Ibid. June 6, 1885.
7Ibid. June 20th.
8Water Records B 242, August 13th.
9San Bernardino Daily Times, June 6th.
10Tyler Diary, June 2nd, June 4th, 1885.
11Press and Horticulturist, June 6, 1885.
12Ibid. August 1st.
14Tyler Diary, September. (The 1897 Centennial Times-Index would say that “Guernsey bought the old Metcalf-Schermann saw-rig and ran it two yeas before it burned.” . . Location, per pioneers – about the Edison Company’s Cottage Grove Substation.)
15Deed 39-621, February 3, 1885.
16Mining Records D356, January 15, 1885.
18Press and Horticulturist, August 29, 1885.
21Ibid. November 1, 1885.
22Ibid. November 20, 1885. (John Isaacs’ “reminiscences of the occasion were given in the San Bernardino Sun of May 11, 1952, Burr Belden, History in the Making.
23Press and Horticulturist, November 23, 1885.
24Ibid. December 4, 1885.
25Ibid. January and February, 1886, issues; also Riverside Tri-Weekly Times.
26Press and Horticulturist, February 20, 1886.
27Ibid. March 6, 1886.
29Riverside Tri-Weekly, April 26, 1886.
30. . . from a letter. Press and Horticulturist, March 13, 1886.
31Riverside Tri-Weekly, March 9, 1886.
32From letters of L. M. Holt to the Press and Horticulturist; quotes from Chicago newspapers.
33Redlands’ Citrograph, July 16, 1887 (first issue).
34Press and Horticulturist, April 17, 1886.
35Ibid. June 18, 1886.
36Tyler Diary, September 17, 1885 and May 18, 1886. Tax files for 1886 say that John Hook paid taxes on the whole west half of Section 24, East half of 23, in 14 the Southwest quarter, East half of Southeast quarter, and the North half of the North half on which there are buildings, and the Northwest quarter of the North half of 13: 1,120 acres.
37Ibid. February 13-16.
38Deed 43-639; Mortgage T10, January 6, 1886 – to Waterman. Strawberry Mill was that Van Slyke Mill used by Hudson and Taylor. Possibly Guernsey combined his Metcalf-Schermann rig with it.
39Deed 45-176, March 6, 1886; Porter-Seeley @ $4,000 (partly by trade for Highlands orange groves.)
40Chattel Mortgage B 72, December 26, 1885; Land patent applied for.
41The first partner was Stewart; E. A. Hall deed. 47-421, July 16, 1886.
42S ½ of S ½ of Section 18, T2N, R3W.
43Press and Horticulturist, May 21, 1886.
44Deed 46-528, Burcham - - Hesperia Company (for Deep Creek water).
45Deed 46-580, May 6, 1886.
46San Bernardino Courier, October 9, 1886; Mines, C182.
47Los Angeles Herald, April, 1886.
48Tyler Diary, May 11-27. This is the first mention of a county road on the mountain, although working out taxes, et cetera, has been told.
49Ibid. To break the high fever required day-and-night nursing for nearly a month.
50Charles B. Tyler consultation in Grass Valley.
51Joe Tyler Diary, August 1st and August 14th, 1886.
52Effie Morse Logan interview.
53Interviews with Denver Benson, San Bernardino, and Cash Caley, Crestline – both grandsons (1950’s).
54Colton Semi-Tropic, quoted by Press and Horticulturist, July 10th.
55Agreement G251, August 21, 1886, between Mojave Gravel Company and a Valley Gold Company, Ltd. that was to be formed in London within two months.
56Mining Records C200.
57One of the numerous ”sales,” which all revert to Richard Garvey. Deed 50-366 @ $20,000.
58Agreement F 232, July 15, 1886, and extended another year.
59Mines, C31, C36.
60Water B 353 is James Smart’s filing on the waste water from the first mine named Morongo, for use on his new cattle ranch.
61San Bernardino Daily Times, October 28, 1886.
62Press and Horticulturist, July 31, 1886.
63Ibid. June 12, 1886.
64Ibid. June 19th.
66Redlands Citrograph, Issue One, July 16, 1887.
67Tyler Diary, September 20, 1886. (By September, 1887, there would be a Tyler-LaPraix deed to the California Marble and Lime Company of Colton – O. T. Dyer, President; W. S. Wilson, Secretary – who would acquire 1,680 acres of land in Sections 16, 17, 19, 20, 21, T2N, R4W, during the next two years. Mortgage 3-628, Pacific Mutual Insurance). 61-599 @ $2,000.
68Guernsey Insolvency Miscellaneous Records D 553. (Ed Farrell also had a claim as of January 6, 1887, which could have been the fire date – but he released it to Waterman for $10. Deed 56-550, June 3, 1887,)
69Per Guernsey Biography, Century Annals of San Bernardino County, Luther A. Ingersoll, p. 854 (1904). Insurance mortgage T 10 will be payable to Waterman. (One authority said Waterman had a mill on the mountain. This is as near as he got.)
70Tyler Diary, February 2, 1887.
717,200 Class A Certificates had been issued in October, 1886, each entitling the owner to one-seventh inch of water per acre.
72Tyler Diary, April 4, 1887. But not through the Darby and Lyman lands.
74San Bernardino Valley Index, May 13, 1887.
75Reminiscences of Mollie Tyler Bright, 1956.
76Deed 71-11, December 28, 1887, is Van Slyke’s purchase of Ball’s half.
77Patent D113, April 28, 1887; SE ¼ of NW ¼ Section 10, T2N, R3W.
78Deed C124, January 29, 1887; SE ¼ of SE ¼ Section 19, T2N, R3W. (Palmer)
79Tyler Diary, September 6th.
80Appraised by Joe Tyler, F. M. Johnson, and Sam Rolfe at $62,842.62. A former will was used, the May, 1887 one not having the signature of witness, Charles H. Tyler.
82Application C302, August 10, 1887, granted December, 1888. (Knapp) S ½ of NE ¼ Section 22 and S ½ of NW ¼ Section 23, T2N, R4W.
83Deed 61-599, September 1887; Mortgage 3-625.
84Valley Index, June 24th.
85Los Angeles Herald, January 5, 1888. Hesperia flume.
86Agreement G251, August 21, 1886; Agreement G 258, February 14, 1887 between E. B. Holliday of San Francisco, acting president of Mojave Gravel Placer Company, and R. O. R. Russell of a forming London corporation.
87Redlands Citrograph, July 30, 1887.
88Mining Records: Hecla -- C418, May 2, 1887; Monarch -- C 415, May 2nd; Lookout -- C 531, June 6th; Pinon -- C530, August 15th.; Santa Fe -- C 537, September 5th.
89Redlands Citrograph, November 5, 1887.
90Mines C 438, June 10, 1887.
91Water C 100 and on: Hemlock, Willow, Monster, Loo, Crystal, Sweetwater, Wildrose, et cetera.
92Redlands Citrograph, October 1, 1887.
93Ibid. May 4, 1894.
94Ibid. September 3, 1887; (4,000 trout, the contract with W. H. Boyd specified.)
95Ibid. August 6, 1887, Correspondent Aileen.
96Ibid. July 23rd, September 10th.
97James Marshall, The Santa Fe, Railroad That Build An Empire, p. 191.
100Deed 52-260, January 1887; 65-174, September, 1887; Agreement with Edwin Hart J 123, October, 1887.