A reference for Designing Servers and Peripherals for the Microsoft® Windows® 2000 Server Family of Operating Systems Intel Corporation and Microsoft Corporation Publication Date—June 30, 2000

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Hardware Design Guide
Version 3.0 for Microsoft Windows 2000 Server

A Reference for Designing Servers and Peripherals for the Microsoft® Windows® 2000 Server Family of Operating Systems

Intel Corporation and Microsoft Corporation
Publication Date—June 30, 2000

The information contained in this document represents the current view of Intel Corporation and Microsoft Corporation on the issues discussed as of the date of publication. Because Intel and Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Intel and Microsoft, and Intel and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information presented. This document is for informational purposes only. INTEL AND MICROSOFT MAKE NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, IN THIS DOCUMENT.

Intel Corporation and Microsoft Corporation may have patents or pending patent applications, trademarks, copyrights, or other intellectual property rights covering subject matter in this document. The furnishing of this document does not give you any license to these patents, trademarks, copyrights, or other intellectual property rights.

Intel and Microsoft do not make any representation or warranty regarding specifications in this document or any product or item developed based on these specifications. Intel and Microsoft disclaim all express and implied warranties, including but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, and freedom from infringement. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, Intel and Microsoft do not make any warranty of any kind that any item developed based on these specifications, or any portion of a specification, will not infringe any copyright, patent, trade secret, or other intellectual prop­erty right of any person or entity in any country. It is your responsibility to seek licenses for such intellectual property rights where appropriate. Intel and Microsoft shall not be liable for any damages arising out of or in connection with the use of these specifications, including liability for lost profit, business interruption, or any other damages whatsoever.

BackOffice, DirectShow, DirectX, Microsoft, MS DOS, NetShow, Win32, Win64, Windows, Windows NT, and the Windows logo are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries.

Intel and Pentium are registered trademarks, and Intel486, Itanium, MMX, and Xeon are trademarks of Intel Corporation.

Other product and company names herein may be the trademarks of their respective owners.

© 1997–2000 Intel Corporation and Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

This document is not for sale.
Review copies are provided to individuals who register by completing the reviewer request form at http://www.microsoft.com/hwdev/serverdg.htm.
To obtain additional copies of this final version of this document, please download the source files from the web sites at http://developer.intel.com/design/servers/desguide/index.htm or http://www.microsoft.com/hwdev/serverdg.htm.

Welcome v

Broadening of Coverage for Large Systems vi

Future Technology Directions vi

Legacy Reduction and Removal ix

How to Use This Guide x

Conventions Used in This Guide x

Conventional Terms x

Required vs. Recommended Features in This Guide xi

Requirements by Server Class and Operating System Product xii

References and Resources xiii

Hardware Design Guide Compliance and Testing Programs xiii

Information Resources and Technical References xiv

Acknowledgments xix

Chapter 1 Overview of Server Design Issues 1

Introduction to Design Issues 1

Server Classes and Operating System Editions 3

Designing Systems for Windows 2000 Server 4

ACPI and OnNow Design 5

IA-32 vs. IA-64 Design 6

ACPI 1.0b vs. ACPI 2.0 6

Boot and Firmware Support: BIOS vs. EFI 7

IA-32 vs. IA-64 Miscellaneous Design Issues 7

Chapter 2 System Component Requirements 8

General Component Requirements 9

System Microprocessor Requirements 9

Memory Requirements 11

ACPI and Power Management Requirements 13

Startup Support Requirements 19

Plug and Play Requirements 25

“Headless Server” Requirements 27

Other Requirements 31

Chapter 3 Bus and Device Requirements 33

I/O Bus Requirements 33

USB Requirements 43

Other Bus Requirements 45

Device Requirements 47

Chapter 4 Networking and Communications Requirements 55

Network Adapter Requirements 56

Connectionless Networking Requirements 62

Modem Requirements 64

Unimodem-supported Modem Requirements 65

ATM Adapter Requirements 69

ADSL Device Requirements 72

Cable Modem Requirements 74

ISDN Requirements 75

IrDA Communications Requirements 79

Wireless Networking Requirements 80

Chapter 5 Storage Device Requirements 82

Storage Device General Requirements 82

SCSI Controllers and Peripherals 86

ATA Controllers and Peripherals 89

Fibre Channel Controllers and Peripherals 92

Erasable Disk Drives 93

CD and DVD Drives 93

CD Drive Requirements 94

DVD Drive Requirements 95

Backup Devices 98

Media Changers 99

CD Changers 99

Tape and Optical Disk Changers 99

Chapter 6 Physical Design and Hardware Security Requirements 101

Physical Design Requirements 101

Hardware Security Requirements 104

Chapter 7 Reliability, Availability, and Serviceability Requirements 106

Backup and Reliability Requirements 106

Backup Hardware 106

Power Supply 106

Fault-Tolerant Hardware 108

Serviceability Requirements 109

High Availability Requirements 110

Manageability Baseline Requirements 112

General Manageability Baseline Requirements 112

Manageability Component Instrumentation Requirements 113

Appendix A Server Requirements Checklist 116

IA-32 Server Requirements Checklist 116

IA-64 Server Requirements Checklist 132

Glossary 148

Index 157


Hardware Design Guide Version 3.0 for Windows 2000 Server is for engineers who build server systems, expansion cards, and peripheral devices that use the Microsoft® Windows® 2000 Server (and later) operating system.

This guide is co-authored by Intel Corporation and Microsoft Corporation. The requirements and recommendations in this guide indicate features that the hardware industry should consider in designing servers and peripherals for various price levels and performance levels.

This guide includes design guidelines for servers that will run any version of the Windows 2000 Server or later operating systems, including the next release of Windows, code-named Windows “Whistler.” These guidelines address the following design issues:

  • Features for basic commodity server design alternatives for small office/home office (SOHO) and Enterprise servers.

  • Requirements for implementing the OnNow design initiative, including those related to the Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) specification, Plug and Play device configuration, and power management in server systems.

  • Implementation of devices supported under Windows 2000 Server.

  • Manageability features that help to reduce total cost of ownership (TCO) under Windows 2000 Server by providing support for maximum automation of administrative tasks with centralized control and maximum flexibility.

Important: Implementing these guidelines results in servers that deliver an enhanced user experience with the Windows 2000 Server or later family of operating systems. These requirements are not related to the minimum, most-optimal, or best system requirements for running any version of the Windows 2000 Server operating systems. For information about the minimum system requirements for running Windows 2000 Server, see http://www.microsoft.com/windows2000/guide/server/sysreq/.

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