Bozat inc. P e2065 v37 artnership of


c) Status, Quality and Renewability of the Natural Resources in the Region



Download 458.73 Kb.
Page4/5
Date06.08.2017
Size458.73 Kb.
1   2   3   4   5

c) Status, Quality and Renewability of the Natural Resources in the Region

Forest lands were devastated as a result of people destructing natural habitats for centuries and steppe (moor) areas have emerged at the riverside. Especially, feeding ground of mammals are the vicinities of villages nearby and they go to these grounds at nights. The forests around are living areas for many birds and mammals. The rocky areas on the upper part of mountains are protection and nesting areas for many bird species.


A rich fauna has been formed along Ceyhan river. Their fauna has been destroyed in some places due to such factors as overhunting, wrong hunting (dynamiting, trapping), land clearing, forest fires, flooding and erosion.
In the fauna linked to water and land on the banks of Ceyhan River, although the flora, which plays an important role in terms of accommodation, egg laying, breeding, protection and feeding of living organisms, have been devastated in some places, these are frequently encountered along the river in some places.
On the other hand, adequate habitats are available in the upper parts of the power plant water level for the animal species living in the region. This means that there will be no negative effect on bird and other living species.
Many living species will be able to come to the area as a result of the alterations in soil, water and food chain and this can have a positive effect on the fauna.
As is known, hydroelectric power plants do not cause air, water, chemical and radioactive pollution. They can have indirect or direct impact on the biological environment.
The HEPPs affect flora directly in that plants submerging lose biomass. However, it can have indirect effect with the alterations which can occur in microclimate. Average annual temperature can rise between 1 and 1,5 °C while relative humidity can rise by 6% in summer. This effect can lead to very complicated changes in plant life. For example, reproduction period of plants can change as this temperature and relative humidity rise.

Aquatic fauna within the project area is rich due to ecological differences. As the water in the dam lake can be controlled better in comparison to stream, more zoo and phytoplankton will be formed in the lake in terms of quantity and diversity. As a result of this, it will be possible for fish to reproduce faster and more.


Water quality of Ceyhan River bears the typical features of mountainous areas and measurable changes are not expected to occur in water quality when water accumulates in the reservoir.
The main reasons for not expecting occurrence of measurable changes are the facts that the reservoir has low storage capacity and annual flows are quite high in proportion to this. For this reason, this reservoir has no annual or seasonal regulation potential.
FLORA-FAUNA
The project site is located in the Mediterranean Region as geographical region and in the Mediterranean Phytogeography Region in terms of phytogeography. Vegetation formations of the Mediterranean Phytogeography Region are given in Figure 1.
The Mediterranean floristic region shows similarities with other regions of our country except for the Black Sea Region. A summer drought is experienced in every region of our country and this feature is the characteristic of the Mediterranean climate type. The region does not have a homogenous climate and varies in terms of temperature and precipitation.
Pinus brutia (Calabrian Pine) forests are characteristic from low levels of this floristic region up to 1000 m. The vegetation type called maquis is predominant in the places where forests are destroyed. Frigana formation is observed in the places where maquis is destroyed.

Above 1000 m of the Mediterranean Phytogeography Region are pure and mixed forests such as Pinus nigra (Black Pine), Cedrus libani (Lebanon cedar) and Abies cilicica (Cilician fir). Paliurus spina-christi (black thorn), Berberis crategina (barberry) and Juniperus oxycedrus (prickly cedar) are observed in places where the above enumerated species have been destroyed.


The closest settlement units to the facility area are Sarpınağzı and Kumarlı Villages. They are destroyed areas open to anthropogenic affect (human effect) as settlement units are around the area. As a result, natural floristic composition has degraded to a great degree due to anthropogenic effects and turned into a disrupted land structure where the flora weakened a lot in some places. The current dominant species in the area are composite species with broad ecological tolerance that can live in such destroyed areas.

FIGURE. 1. VEGETATION FORMATIONS OF THE MEDITERRANEAN PHYTOGEOGRAPHY REGION



Table.1. Flora Elements in the Facility Area and its Vicinity



LATIN NAME

NAME IN TURKISH

REGIONAL NAME

ENDEMISM

RED-DATA

BOOK

BERN

COMPOSİTAE
















Onopordum bracteatum

Kangal (kangal)

Kangal

-

-

-

Anthemis tinctoria

Sarı papatya (camomile)

-

-

-

_

Carduus nutants

Deve dikeni (musk thistle)

Deve dikeni

-

-

-

LEGUMİNOSAE
















Astragalus microcephalus

Boz geven (milk vetch)

Geven










Spartium junceum

Katır tırnağı (woodwaxen)

Katır tırnağı

-

-

_

Ce ratonia siliqua

Harnup (locust)

-

-

-

-

CRUCIFERA
















Sinapis arvensis

Hardal otu (wild mustard)

Turp otu

-

-

-

SCROPHULARIACEAE
















Verbascum glomeratum

Sığır kuyruğu (mullein)

Sığır kuyruğu

-

_

_

MALVACEAE
















Malva neglacte

Küçük ebegümeci (mallow)

Ebegümeci

-

-




Alcea palleda

Hatmi (hibiscus)

Hatmi

-

-




LABİATAE
















Lamium amplexicaule

Ballıbaba (deadnettle)

Ballıbaba

-

-

-

Teucrium poium

Tüylü kısamahmut (felty germander)

Acı yavşan

-

-

-

GRAMINAE
















Avena fatua

Deli yulaf (wild oat)

Yabani yulaf

-

-




Po a bulbosa

-

-

-

-

-

Cynodon dactilon

Domuz ayrığı (Bermuda grass)

Ayrık

-

-

_

EUPHORBİACEAE
















Euphorbia falcata

Sütleğen (spurge)

-

-

-

-

PAPAVERACEAE
















Papaver rhoeas

Gelincik (poppy)

Gelin otu

-

_

-

PINACEAE
















Pinus brutia

Kızılcam (calabrian pine)

Kızılcam

-




-

Cedrus libani

Toros Sediri (Lebanon Cedar)

Sedir

-

-

-

RHAMNACEAE
















Paliurus spina

Kara çalı (blackthorn)

Çalı dikeni

-

-

-

Turkish Plant Name Dictionary”, which is a publication of Turkish Language Society, was taken as reference in the preparation of regional names of plant species in Column III.
Plant species stated in the list published by the secretariat of the “Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats” (Bern Convention) are not available in the facility area. The endemic species contained in Red Data Book of Turkey Plants are not seen in the facility area, either.
Fauna elements have also decreased both due to lack of suitable habitats and anthropogenic (human effect) impacts.
Table.2. Invertebrate species in the Facility Area and is Vicinity

LATIN NAME

NAME IN TURKISH

BERN

HABITATS

Yumuşakçalar (mollusca)










Lubbiricus terrestris

Toprak solucanı (wiggler)

-

Within field and garden soil

Isopoda










Armalilidae

Eşayaklılar (isopods)







Jullus terrestris

Kırkayak (millipede)

-

Within soil and under stones on lands

Diptera










Muscidae

Karasinekler (houseflies)







Musca domestica

Karasinek (housefly)

-

Any kind of habitat

Orthoptera










Gryllotalpidae

Çekirgeler (grasshoppers)







Gryllus campentris

Siyah çekirge (field cricket)

-

Forests, bushes, field and gardens

Coleoptera










Coccinelidae

Uğur böcekleri (lady bugs)







Coccinella septempunedata

7 noktalı gelinböceği (lady beetle)

-

Forests, bushes, field and gardens

Lampyridae

Ateş böcekleri (fire beetles)







Lampyris noctiluca

Ateş böceği (fire beetle)

-

Forests, brushwood and haystacks

Saltatoria

Çayır ve çalı çekirgeleri (grasshoppers and crickets)







Grylüdae

Cırcırlar (ratchets)







Acheta domestica

Ev Cırcırları (house cricket)

-

Houses, bushes and moors, parks and gardens


Download 458.73 Kb.

Share with your friends:
1   2   3   4   5




The database is protected by copyright ©ininet.org 2020
send message

    Main page