This volume is a product of the staff of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank. The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this paper do not necessarily reflect the views of the Executive Directors of The World Bank or the governments they represent. The World Bank does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this work. The boundaries, colors, denominations, and other information shown on any map in this work do not imply any judgment on the part of The World Bank concerning the legal status of any territory or the endorsement or acceptance of such boundaries.
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The report was developed in partnership between the Disaster Risk Management (DRM) team in the South Asia Region (SAR) and the World Bank Disaster Risk Financing and Insurance (DRFI) Program. It was produced by a team comprised of Marc Forni, Haris Khan, Olivier Mahul, Ben Fox, Rashmin Gunasekera, Emily White, Shiraz Ali Shah and Ahsan Tehsin. The report also benefitted through inputs from Muhammad Waheed, Sarwat Aftab, Mahmood Khalid and Muhammad Ali Khan.
The report greatly benefited through consultations, inputs and guidance received from the Ministry of Finance, the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (SECP), the Provincial Disaster Management Authorities and Punjab Finance Department.
The team is grateful to the peer reviewers, Daniel Clarke, Kelly Johnson and Oscar Ishizawa.
The authors would like to thank Rachid Benmessaoud, Bernice K. Van Bronkhorsht, Francis Ghesquiere and Reynold Duncan for their guidance in finalizing this report. The team gratefully acknowledges funding support from the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR).
The report is based on data provided by the Federal and Provincial governments for which the authors would like to express their appreciation.