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AP World History


Mr. Hess


Class Study Guide

Packet Number



Table of Contents
Quarter 1
Table of Contents ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 2

Textbook Reading Schedule---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 5



  1. From Human Prehistory to the Early Civilizations -------------------------------------------------------------------- 9

  2. Classical Civilization: China ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 12

  3. Classical Civilization: India ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 16

  4. Classical Civilization in the Mediterranean: Greece and Rome ------------------------------------------------------ 20

  5. The Classical Period: Directions, Diversities, and Declines by 500 C.E. ------------------------------------------- 24

  6. The First Global Civilization: The Rise and Spread of Islam --------------------------------------------------------- 28

  7. Abbasid Decline and the Spread of Islamic Civilization to South and Southeast Asia --------------------------- 33

  8. African Civilizations and the Spread of Islam --------------------------------------------------------------------------38

  9. Civilization in Eastern Europe: Byzantium and Orthodox Europe -------------------------------------------------- 46

  10. A New Civilization Emerges in Western Europe ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 48

Quarter 2




  1. The Americas on the Eve of Invasion ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 53

  2. Reunification and Renaissance in Chinese Civilization: The Era of the Tang and Song Dynasties ------------- 59

  3. The Spread of Chinese Civilization: Japan, Korea, and Vietnam ---------------------------------------------------- 65

  4. The Last Great Nomadic Challenges: From Chinggis Khan to Timur ---------------------------------------------- 71

  5. The West and the Changing Balance of World Power ---------------------------------------------------------------- 75

  6. The World Economy ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 80

  7. The Transformation of the West, 1450 – 1750 ------------------------------------------------------------------------- 85

  8. The Rise of Russia ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 90

  9. Early Latin America -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 95

  10. Africa and the Africans in the Age of the Atlantic Slave Trade ------------------------------------------------------ 101

  11. The Muslim Empires ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 107

  12. Asian Transitions in an Age of Global Change ------------------------------------------------------------------------- 112

Quarter 3




  1. The Emergence of Industrial Society in the West, 1750 – 1914 ----------------------------------------------------- 118

  2. Industrialization and Imperialism: The Making of the European Global order ------------------------------------ 124

  3. The Consolidation of Latin America, 1830 – 1920 -------------------------------------------------------------------- 130

  4. Civilization in Crisis: The Ottoman Empire, the Islamic Heartlands, and Qing China --------------------------- 136

  5. Russia and Japan: Industrialization Outside the West ----------------------------------------------------------------- 141

  6. Descent into the Abyss: World War I and the Crisis of the European Global Order ------------------------------ 146

  7. The World Between the Wars: Revolutions, Depression, and Authoritarian Response -------------------------- 152

  8. A Second Global Conflict and the End of the European World Order ---------------------------------------------- 159

  9. Western Society and Eastern Europe in the Decades of the Cold War ---------------------------------------------- 163

Quarter 4




  1. Latin America: Revolution and Reaction into the 21st Century ------------------------------------------------------ 168

  2. Africa, the Middle East, and Asia in the Era of Independence ------------------------------------------------------- 172

  3. Rebirth and Revolution: Nation-building in East Asia and the Pacific Rim ---------------------------------------- 176

  4. The End of the Cold War and the Shape of a New Era: World History 1990 – 2006 ----------------------------- 184

  5. Globalization and Resistance --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 185

Appendix



  1. Writing for the AP Exam--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------188

  2. Developing a Thesis and Planning an Essay----------------------------------------------------------------------------190

  3. Analyzing a Map------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------192

  4. World History Generic Document Based Question (DBQ) Scoring Rubric----------------------------------------194

  5. World History Change and Continuity Over Time (CCOT) Essay Rubric-----------------------------------------195

  6. World History Compare and Contrast (CC) Essay Rubric------------------------------------------------------------196

  7. Leader Analysis Sheet-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------197

  8. Peoples Analysis Sheet----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------198

  9. Conflict Analysis Sheet---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------199

  10. Change Analysis Sheet----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------200

  11. Societal Comparison Sheet-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------201

  12. Document Analysis Sheet-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------202

  13. The Dialectical Journal----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------203

  14. Inner / Outer Circle--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------204

  15. Additional Questions Divided by Eras----------------------------------------------------------------------------------206

  16. Timeline---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------208

  17. The Exam--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------210

  18. Periods, Key Concepts, and 5 Themes----------------------------------------------------------------------------------215

  19. Vocabulary Card Format--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------218

AP World History Textbook Reading Schedule ~ 2015-2016

The Global Experience 6th Edition


Please read each section BEFORE class. The pages indicate what material we will be discussing in class that day. So, for instance, if we will discuss P. 8-18 ON Tuesday September 3rd - have it read BEFORE that class. We have 36 chapters to study in addition to various outside readings I will assign so it is imperative (SUPER IMPORTANT) that you keep up with this textbook reading, on your own, so as not to fall behind. The most important assignment in this class is the reading- you will get the most out of lectures, discussions and various activities if you stay on top of the reading. To know and understand history you must read it.

There will be other Primary and Secondary Source Material Assigned!!!
1st Term Monday, August 24, 2015 – Thursday, October 29, 2015

Period I, Pre-History, 600 B.C.E, 5% of AP Exam
Aug 25 First Day of Class None

Aug 27 Geography Map Quiz Civilizations Readings


Ch. 1 - Human Prehistory to the Early Civilizations 2.5 Million – 1000 BCE

Aug 31 Ch. 1 #1 P. 8-18 Reading Guide Due

Sep 2 Ch. 1 #2 P. 18-33 Reading Guide Due
Period II, Classical Age, 600 B.C.E - 600 C.E, 15% of AP Exam
Ch. 2 - Classical China 1000 BCE-500 C.E.

Sep 4 Ch. 2 #1 P. 34-45 Reading Guide Due

Sep 9 Ch. 2 #2 P. 46-59 Reading Guide Due
Ch. 3 - Classical India 1000 BCE-500 C.E.

Sep 11 Ch. 3 #1 P. 60-67 Reading Guide Due

Sep 15 Ch. 3 #2 P. 67-79 Reading Guide Due
Ch. 4 - Classical Greece & Rome 100 B.C.E - 500 C.E.

Sep 17 Ch. 4 #1 P. 80-90 Reading Guide Due

Sep 21 Ch. 4 #2 P. 90-103 Reading Guide Due
Ch. 5 - Classical Period: Declines, Diversities & Declines by 500 C.E.

Sep 23 Ch. 5 #1 P. 104-113 Reading Guide Due

Sep 25 Ch. 5 #2 P. 113-127 Reading Guide Due
Sep 29 Period 1/2 Test Multiple Choice/ Essay and Study Guide/Map Due
Period III, Postclassical Golden Age, 600 - 1450, 20% of AP Exam
Ch. 6 - The Rise and Spread of Islam

Oct 1 Ch. 6 Full P. 130-160 Reading Guide Due

Oct 5 Spread of Islam DBQ DBQ Due: _________ OCT 9th
Ch. 7 - Abbasid Decline and the Spread of Islamic Culture to Asia

Oct 7 Ch. 7 #1 P. 162-172 Reading Guide Due

Oct 9 Ch. 7 #2 P. 172-183 Reading Guide Due
Ch. 8 - Postclassical Africa

Oct 13 Ch. 8 Full P. 184-203 Reading Guide Due


*** Fall Recess, UEA Break October 15-18***
Oct 19 Make-Up Day None
Ch. 9 - Eastern Europe, Byzantium & Orthodox Europe

Oct 21 Ch. 9 Full P. 204-219 Reading Guide Due

Oct 23 Byzantium DBQ DBQ Due: ___________
Ch. 10 - Medieval Europe

Oct 27 Ch. 10 #1 P. 220-231 Reading Guide Due

Oct 29 Ch. 10 #2 P. 232-243 Reading Guide Due


2nd Term Monday, November 2, 2015 – Friday, January 15, 2016
Ch. 11 - The Americas on the Eve of Invasion

Nov 3 Ch. 11 #1 P. 266-278 Reading Guide Due

Nov 5 Ch. 11 #2 P. 278-289 Reading Guide Due
Ch. 12 - Reunification & Renaissance in Chinese Civilization: Tang & Song

Nov 9 Ch. 12 #1 P. 290-301 Reading Guide Due

Nov 11 Ch. 12 #2 P. 302-313 Reading Guide Due
Ch. 13 - The Spread of Chinese Civilization: Japan, Korea & Vietnam

Nov 17 Ch. 13 #1 P. 314-321 Reading Guide Due

Nov 19 Ch. 13 #2 P. 322-333 Reading Guide Due

Nov 23 MAKE UP DAY NONE


*** Thanksgiving Break November 25 – November 29***
Ch. 14 - Last Great Nomadic Challenges/Threat: Genghis Kahn-Tamerlane

Nov 30 Ch. 14 #1 P. 314-321 Reading Guide Due

Dec 2 Ch. 14 #2 P. 322-333 Reading Guide Due

Ch. 15 “The Rise of the West”

Dec 4 Ch. 15 Full P. 336-349 Reading Guide Due


Dec 8 Period 3 Test Multiple Choice / Compare and Contrast Essay and Study Guide/Map Due
Period IV Age of Exploration, 1450-1750 C.E. 20% of AP Exam
Ch. 16 - The World Economy

Dec 10 Ch. 16 #1 P. 352-364 Reading Guide Due

Dec 14 Ch. 16 #2 P. 364-377 Reading Guide Due
Ch. 17 - The Transformation of the West 1450-1750

Dec 16 Ch. 17 #1 P. 380-385 Reading Guide Due

Dec 18 Ch. 17 #2 P. 386-398 Reading Guide Due
*** Winter Break December 19 – January 3***
Ch. 18 - The Rise of Russia

Jan 5 Ch. 18 Full P. 400-413 Reading Guide Due


Ch. 19 - Early Latin America

Jan 7 Ch. 19 #1 P. 416-426 Reading Guide Due

Jan 11 Ch. 19 #2 P. 426-440 Reading Guide Due
Ch. 20 - Africa & Africans in the Age of the Atlantic Slave Trade

Jan 13 Ch. 20 Full P. 444-467 Reading Guide Due


Ch. 21 - The Muslim Empires

Jan 15 Ch. 21 #1 P. 468-477 Reading Guide Due

Jan 21 Ch. 21 #2 P. 478-492 Reading Guide Due
3rd Term Wednesday, January 18, 2015 – Wednesday, March 24, 2015
Ch. 22 - Asian Transitions in an Age of Global Change

Jan 25 Ch. 22 #1 P. 494-502 Reading Guide Due

Jan 27 Ch. 22 #2 P. 503-514 Reading Guide Due
Jan 29 Period 4 Test Multiple Choice/ CCOT Essay and Study Guide/Map Due

Period V Industrialization & Globalization, 1750 - 1900 C.E. 20% of AP Exam

Ch. 23 - The Emergence of Industrial Society

Feb 2 Ch. 23 #1 P. 520-533 Reading Guide Due

Feb 4 Ch. 23 #2 P. 533-539 Reading Guide Due

Feb 8 Ch. 23 #3 P. 539-547 Reading Guide Due


Ch. 24 - Industrialization & Imperialism-European Global Order

Feb 10 Ch. 24 #1 P. 550-559 Reading Guide Due

Feb 12 Ch. 24 #2 P. 560-571 Reading Guide Due
Ch. 25 - The Consolidation of Latin America

Feb 17 Ch. 25 #1 P. 574-584 Reading Guide Due

Feb 19 Ch. 25 #2 P. 584-600 Reading Guide Due
Ch. 26 - Civilizations in Crisis- Ottoman Empire & Middle East

Feb 23 Ch. 26 #1 P. 603-612 Reading Guide Due

Feb 25 Ch. 26 #2 P. 613-622 Reading Guide Due
Ch. 27 - Qing China

Feb 29 Ch. 27 #1 P. 626-636 Reading Guide Due

Mar 3 Ch. 27 #2 P. 637-644 Reading Guide Due
Mar 7 Period 5 Test Multiple Choice/ DBQ Essay and Study Guide/Map Due
Period VI Global Change & Conflict, 1900 - Present, 20% of AP Exam
Ch. 28 - WWI

Mar 9 Ch. 28 #1 P. 658-671 Reading Guide Due

Mar 11 Ch. 28 #2 P. 671-682 Reading Guide Due
Ch. 29 - Great Depression/Authoritarianism

Mar 15 Ch. 29 #1 P. 686-700 Reading Guide Due

Mar 17 Ch. 29 #2 P. 700-718 Reading Guide Due
Ch. 30 - WWII

Mar 21 Ch. 30 #1 P. 724-736 Reading Guide Due

Mar 23 Ch. 30 #2 P. 736-746 Reading Guide Due
*** Spring Break March 25 – April 3***

4th Term Tuesday, April 4, 2016 – Thursday, June 2, 2016
Ch. 31- The Cold War

Apr 4 Ch. 31 #1 P. 752-764 Reading Guide Due

Apr 6 Ch. 31 #2 P. 764-777 Reading Guide Due
Ch. 32 - Latin America- Revolution & Reaction

Apr 8 Ch. 32 Full P. 782-801 Reading Guide Due


Ch. 33 - Africa, the Middle East and Asia in the Era of Independence

Apr 12 Ch. 33 #1 P. 804-816 Reading Guide Due

Apr 14 Ch. 33 #2 P. 814-826 Reading Guide Due

Ch. 34 - Rebirth & Revolution: Nation-building in East Asia and the Pacific Rim

Apr 18 Ch. 34 #1 P. 830-841 Reading Guide Due

Apr 20 Ch. 34 #2 P. 842-853 Reading Guide Due
Ch. 35 - The End of the Cold War and the Shape of New Era: World History 1990-2006

Apr 22 Ch. 35 Full P. 860-878 Reading Guide Due


Ch. 36 - Globalization and Resistance

Apr 26 Ch. 36 Full P. 882-900 Reading Guide Due

Apr 28 Period 6 Test Multiple Choice/ CCOT Essay and Study Guide/Map Due
AP Test Period Review
May 2 Unit I (Green) Pre-History to 600 BCE, The Agricultural Revolution

Unit II (Purlple) 600 BCE to 600 CE, The Imperial Age

May 4 Unit III (Gold) 600 to 1450, The Golden Age of Islam, and Mongols

Unit IV (Blue) 1450 to 1750, The Age of Exploration

May 6 Unit V (Orange) 1750 to 1914, The Industrial Revolution

Unit VI (Red) 1914 to Present, The Age of Conflict


AP Practice Test

May 7 8:30 A.M. Saturday 3 hour and 5 minute practice test


AP Exam Writing Review

May 10 (DBQ) Document Based Question Writing Structure Review

(CC) Compare and Contrast Writing Structure Review

(CCOT) Continuity and Change Over Time Writing Structure Review


Thu May 12 ***AP Exam*** (8 am)
You will be excused from class from 7:30 am until 12:35 pm. You will not be excused from your last class period that day.

Post-Test Periodization Projects



Chapter 1, From Human Prehistory to the Early Civilizations
Summary:
The earliest known humans lived in east Africa about 2.5 million years ago. These humans lived by hunting and gathering. Gradually, the most advanced human species, Homo sapiens sapiens, migrated from Africa to the Middle East, then into Europe, Asia, Australia, and the Americas. They developed tools out of stones, sticks, and other natural objects. Agriculture began form about 10,000 years ago onward. This in turn encouraged the development of civilization. Early civilizations arose in five different sites, four along the fertile shores of great environments and the search for food supplies. The development of agriculture offered different opportunities for humans, including altered family forms, formal political structures and cities, and monumental buildings. But change took place during this time period slowly. The impact of this change in human civilization can be seen with children who were more supported, nurtured and disciplined because they were a vital part of the family labor force in agricultural societies.
Key Concepts:
Human Life Before Agriculture:


  • Humans learned simple tool use, tamed fire, and developed bigger brains and a more erect posture during the Paleolithic (Old Stone) Age, which lasted from about 2.5 million years to about 12,000 B.C.E.

  • Over time, the hunting and gathering species Homo sapiens sapiens, which originated in Africa and from which all modern humans are descended, came to dominate other human types.

  • Stone tool use gradually improved, and humans developed speech, rituals, and culture as they gradually spread across the globe.

  • In the Mesolithic (Middle Stone) Age, from about 12,000-8,000 B.C.E, humans made more advanced tools, fought in more wars, and increased their population considerably.


The Neolithic Revolution:


  • In the Neolithic (New Stone) Age, between roughly 8,000 and 3,500 B.C.E., some human societies experienced one of the most dramatic developments in human history.

  • These groups mastered sedentary agriculture (this is often called the “Neolithic Revolution”) and domesticated animals. These innovations produced the food surpluses and rising populations that made possible the founding of cities and the increasing specialization of occupations within human societies.

  • At the same time, pastoral nomadism developed, but these nomads remained the periphery of civilizations and sedentary agricultural zones.

  • Soon after the introduction of agriculture, societies in the Middle East began replacing stone tools with those made of metal—first copper, then bronze. These tools improved agriculture, aided in warfare, and benefited manufacturing artisans.


Civilization:


  • The emergence of civilization occurred in many agricultural societies. It often built on additional changes in technology including the introduction of metal tools.

  • Most civilizations had common features including cities, writing, formal institutions (especially government and religion), stratified classes, and trade. Catal Huyuk is an excellent example of an important town in an early Neolithic civilization.

  • Early civilizations included those in Mesopotamia, Egypt, the Indus River Valley, and northern China.


The Heritage of the River Valley Civilizations:


  • River valley civilizations left a number of durable innovations, but most declined after about 1,200 B.C.E, This declines was often due to nomadic migrations across Eurasia by pastoral nomadic chariot peoples from the central Asian steppe.

  • A number of small population centers emerged in the Middle East. These civilizations introduced further innovations including the religion of Judaism, the alphabet, iron tools, and extensive trade connections across the Mediterranean basin.



The First Civilizations:


  • The river valley civilizations created a basic set of tools, intellectual concepts such as writing and mathematics, and political forms that persisted across three continents.

  • The rise of civilizations reduced local autonomy, as kings and priests tried to spread trade contacts and cultural forms and warred to gain new territory.

  • Despite wars and trade, civilizations had little contact with each other and thus developed separate cultural patterns.



Key Terms:



Bronze Age

Pastoralism

Nomads

Hunting and Gathering



Specialization

Cuniform


Monotheism

Judaism


Valley Civilizations

Sumerians

Iron

Agrarian Revolution



Phoenicians


Chapter 1, Quiz Questions
1) Hunting and gathering societies

A) are not able to produce art.

B) are always warlike and require little land.

C) organize rather small groups into political units.

D) could not survive after Middle Eastern people developed agriculture.

E) generally produce a food surplus.


2) A characteristic of the human species before the advent of civilization was

A) the ability to spread to various geographic settings and climate zones.

B) the ability to organize large political units.

C) the inability to communicate about abstractions such as death.

D) that all tasks were shared equally by men and women.

E) land ownership was equal.


3) The development of agriculture caused important changes in all of the following EXCEPT

A) population size and life expectancy.

B) male-female relations.

C) the tendency to believe in many gods.

D) the stability of human settlements.

E) the development of complex social patterns.


4) Why did the original inhabitants of Australia not develop agriculture?

A) Australian soil was too barren to grow crops.

B) The Australian climate was too severe.

C) They were too isolated to learn of developments elsewhere until recently.

D) Australia never experienced an ice age.

E) They were prevented from doing so by the Neolithic revolution.


5) Once developed, metal tools were preferred over stone tools for all of the following reasons EXCEPT

A) they were easier for ordinary people to make at home.

B) they were sharper and more precise.

C) they permitted more diverse shapes.

D) they could be used to make accurate weapons.

E) they were more durable.


6) A society is almost certainly a civilization if

A) it practices sedentary agriculture.

B) it involves tool use.

C) it has religious rituals.

D) it has some political structure.

E) it gathers food to survive.


7) The development of writing

A) resulted from new technologies, notably the invention of paper.

B) helps explain why agriculture could develop.

C) helps explain why governments could become more formal and bureaucratic.

D) resulted from the needs of the various river valley civilizations to communicate with one another.

E) was unusual in an agricultural society.


8) Egypt differed from Mesopotamian civilization by stressing

A) well-organized, durable empires.

B) extensive trade.

C) firm religious beliefs.

D) greater social equality.

E) more modest building projects.


9) Among the early river civilizations

A) the Huang he culture in China was the most isolated.

B) sedentary agriculture first developed in Mesoamerica.

C) writing was only found in the Nile river valley.

D) west Africa developed the first empire.

E) the use of metal tools spread very slowly.


10) Jewish monotheism

A) was spread actively by Jewish missionaries throughout the Middle East.

B) proposed a less human-like and more abstract God.

C) included worship of various lesser gods.

D) emerged at the high point of Sumerian civilization.

E) influenced no other religions.


Essay Questions:


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