Ap art History – unit sixteen early Renaissance in Italy: Fifteenth Century (Also known as Quattrocento): “pma”



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AP Art History – UNIT SIXTEEN

Early Renaissance in Italy: Fifteenth Century (Also known as Quattrocento): “PMA”

PMA can stand for “positive mental attitude,” which allows for a discussion of Humanism and the mind set at the beginning of the Renaissance. The letters separately can stand for Perspective, Modeling and Anatomy – three challenges early Renaissance artists were tackling. I sometimes arrange the letters in an equation, P=AM2, to focus on the mathematical perspective and the “morning” of the Renaissance. One year the students put letters PAM on spray can to make a link to grease or “Greece” as a way to help them remember the strong Classical influence present during the Renaissance in Italy. They later added, “PAM…a Better idea! Leonardo, Michelangelo, and Raphael would have been “stuck” without it…” pointing to the influence and contribution of Early Renaissance achievements.




  • Competition between artists

  • Humanistic spirit placed greater emphasis on human beings and the world in which they lived

  • Social, religious, and political influences of the Quattrocento: 1400s

  • Florence and civic pride

  • Neoplantonic philosophy

  • Rebirth of classicism

  • Shift in art from spiritual world to secular world

  • Application of mathematical logic to architecture

  • Scientific perspective and geometric organization of space

  • Church, merchant, and citizen patronage

  • Recognition and freedom of personal artistic styles that do no have to answer to dictates of the church

  • Changing roles of the artist as an individual and of art in society



Key Concepts:
humanism; education; civic pride; the contributions of the Medici; patronage and competitions of commissions; Florence; sculpture becoming independent of architecture; the return of contraposto; further interest in the problems of perspective and anatomy; Florence baptistery doors competition; Vasari; recognition of the artist; the Medici; linear perspective; atmospheric perspective; Davids; architectural changes; oil painting; illusionism; Platonic academy; North vs. Italy: regional variation; Northern altarpieces; portraiture/self-portraiture


Date

Topic

Works of Art

Wed.

1/22/14


Architecture

  • Dome of the Florence Cathedral, Filippo Brunelleschi

  • San Lorenzo, Filippo Brunelleschi

  • Pazzi Chapel, Filippo Brunelleschi

  • Palazzo Medici-Riccardi, Michelozzo

Thurs.

1/23/14


Painting

  • Holy Trinity, Masaccio

  • Expulsion from the Garden of Eden, Masaccio

  • Birth of Venus, Sandro Botticelli

  • Spring, Sandro Botticelli

Fri.

1/24/14


Painting Conti.

  • Adoration of the Magi, Gentile da Fabriano

  • Battle of San Romano, Paolo Uccello

  • Annunciation, Fra Angelico

  • The Last Supper, Andrea del Castagno

  • Christ Delivering the Keys of the Kingdom to Saint Peter, Pietro Perugino

Mon.

1/27/14


Sculpture – Bronze Baptistry Doors Competition

  • Sacrifice of Isaac, Lorenzo Ghiberti

  • Sacrifice of Isaac, Filippo Brunelleschi

  • Gates of Paradise, Lorenzo Ghiberti

Tues.

1/28/14


Sculpture

  • Four Crowded Saints, Nanni di Banco

  • David, Donatello

  • Mary Magalene, Donatello

  • Hercules and Antaeus, Antonio del Pollaiuolo

Wed.

1/29/14


Practice Essays





Vocabulary: (9)

Bottega; Humanism; Lantern; Orthogonal; Pilaster; Quattrocento; Rusticate; Stringcourse; Trompe l’oeil

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