District profile Haripur Introduction



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Kharif Fodder -Mean Are, Production and Trend

Fodder

Average Area (in acre)

Production (in tons)

Production (tons) /Acre

Trend

Maize

76.60

500.00

6.53




Others

39.53

431.00

10.90






(Sources: Agriculture Extension department, Crops reporting services Haripur & Primary data)


Issues

Erratic rains always create uncertainty for farming in the district. It also causes soil erosion leading to depletion of fertile layer of agriculture fields and degradation of range lands. Nutritional depletion due to over exploitation and irregular crop rotation is another issue leading to reduced production with passage of time. Due to low land holding (continuous fragmentation of land) people are shifting to other livelihoods strategies. Drought is a permanent issue regarding farming in Haripur. There are many rain fed areas where if there is no or low rain fall, no crop is grown. Besides, in peripheral areas farmers have little access to irrigation, soil conservation, agriculture and livestock services.

(Sources: Primary data from farmers)
Potential

There is a great potential of bringing cultivable wastes under cultivation through rain water harvesting and soil conservation measurements. Besides, if water available for irrigation, off and on season vegetable, kitchen gardens and fruit orchards could be grown anywhere in the district. Furthermore plains of the district are the most suitable area for seed production.

(Sources: Agriculture research station Haripur and Primary data from farmers)

Water

Rivers and Streams

Four well known rives of the province i.e. Indus, Siran, Daur and Haro flow through the district. Besides, there are many small streams and springs in hilly areas falling into these main streams and rivers. c:\users\hp\desktop\braced\maps\rivers_haripur.jpg


River Indus enters the district at Durband in the north- west, flowing along the western boundary of Haripur, feeds Turbela reservoir, and exits the district at Ghazi. It gives no water for irrigation to the district, while some nearby villages collect water from it for domestic uses and livestock.
Siran River enters Haripur at Bir, flows through the UC from north east to west and falls into Turbela Lake near Bir village. Channels from the river irrigate a small piece of land at Bir, while people also get water from the river for HH use, in the nearby villages.
The Daur River has less water and comparatively shorter course than Siran. It has its catchment area at Daunga Gali of district Abbottabad in the east, fed by many springs and streams at different places i.e. Main Katha, Bagh, Gaya, Namli Maria, Baghnotar, and Thallian. It flows through the plains of the district towards west, joining Siran near Gandger range about eight km above Turbela. The river is a great source of irrigation and sanitation / drainage in the district. c:\users\hp\desktop\braced\district haripur\pics\uc_muslim abad\img_0192.jpg

One of the eastern tributaries of Haro at Muslim Abad
The Haro River with adequate water originates from the southern end of Daunga Gali range where it has two tributaries, the eastern known as Dhund and the western is called Karral Haro. The two streams join at the head of Khanpur tract that ultimately falls into Khanpur dam. It irrigates lands in some villages upstream i.e. in Khanpur area. (Sources: Census 1998, Irrigation Sub Division Haripur, and Primary data from filed)
Dams and Canals


Turbela reservoir between Bir and Bait Gali
One of the worlds’ biggest dams viz. Turbela reservoir is situated in the Haripur. Besides there are other big and small dams i.e. Khanpur Dam, Bhutri Dam, Khal Dam, Mang Dam and Slam Khund dam. As Turbela dam doesn’t give any irrigation water to the district it greatly helps to maintain water table in the side by areas of the district. Other dams not only feed several canals and irrigation channels but also recharge the underground water table in the area. Major canals in the district are Ichar, Punjkatha, Sarai Saleh, Rangeela, Changi Bandi, Shanda Maira, Mankarai, Neelan and Amgah. Rangeela Irrigation System is taken off form Daur and comprises a comprehensive system of Distribution tanks further distributed in nine civil channels. (Sources: Census 1998, Irrigation Sub Division Haripur, and Primary data from filed) c:\users\hp\desktop\braced\district haripur\pics\uc_beer\2014-05-13 12.23.48.jpg

Irrigation and Drinking Water Tube Wells / Wells

There are 35 irrigation and 210 drinking water tube wells mostly in plain areas of the district. Irrigation tube wells are managed by Irrigation department while those of drinking water are managed by public health engineering. In Municipalities i.e. Haripur and Kalabat drinking water tube wells are managed (maintenance & operation) by municipal committees. Average bill for irrigation tube well is PKR. 600-700/hour and that for drinking water supply is PKR. 200/month. Average water table in the district ranges from 70-180 ft but in some areas i.e. in the city and other dry areas in the south east it goes down from 200-300 ft. (Sources: Irrigation Division Hazara, Public Health Engineering Haripur, and Primary data from filed)



Total Irrigated Area (Acre)

Canal

Tanks

Tube Wells

Wells

Government

Private

61,430.30

13,467.22

37,337.57

5,016.23

5,312.76

296.53

Percentage

21.92

60.78

8.17

8.65

0.48


The district is mostly un-irrigated and only 61,430.03 acre (13.35% of the total area and 36% of the total cultivated land) is irrigated through different sources i.e. canals, tanks, tube wells, wells and civil irrigation channels. An approximate ratio of irrigation from different sources is as following.

(Sources: Crops reporting services, Irrigation Sub Division Haripur, and Primary data from filed)


75% HHs get drinking water from tube wells and 25% from gravity supply, hand pumps and dug wells. In some big villages there are mega water supply schemes for drinking water i.e. Sirikot and Garam Thon etc. In rain fed areas there are rain water harvesting ponds mostly used for livestock. Though water table in the area has been raised by the dames, yet drought is a permanent threat to the surface water as well as underground water i.e. due to drought in 2001-2002 most of the tube wells got dried. c:\users\hp\desktop\braced\district haripur\pics\uc_snk\2014-05-09 14.32.33.jpg

Rain water harvesting pond at Sarai Niamat Khan
Soil Erosion

Soil erosion is mostly due to erratic rains, gullies at hills, and flood in river and rain fed / perennial streams. There is perpetual soil erosion on banks of the Siran River. Soil conservation has very meager financial resources and just provide subsidy to individuals for reclaiming or protection of lands on small scale. It works on request from individuals and with a cost sharing approach that ranges from 20% - 50% of total cost. Work done by the Soil Conservation department for water harvesting and soil conservation in the years 2009-2013 is summarized as following;


Union Council Wise Number of Schemes of Soil Conservation Department (2009-2013)

Tehsil

Union Council

Type of Work

Number of Schemes

1.Ghazi

Amazai

Cemented Water Pond

1

Ghazi

Gabion Protection Bund

2

Kotehra

Cemented Check Dam

2

Kotehra

Cemented Outlet

1

Kotehra

Cemented Protection Bund

6

Kotehra

Cemented Protection Wall

2

Kotehra

Cemented Stone Check Dam

1

Kotehra

Cemented Stone Protection Bund

2

Kotehra

Cemented Stone Protection Wall

5

Kotehra

Cemented Stone Spillway

1

Kotehra

G.I. Wire netted Protection Bund

4

Kotehra

Gabion Protection Bund

2

Kotehra

Gabion Protection Wall

3

Kundi Umar Khana

Cemented Protection Bund

2

Kundi Umar Khana

Cemented Protection Wall

2

Kundi Umar Khana

Cemented Stone Check Dam

1

Kundi Umar Khana

G.I. Wire Protection Bund

1

Kundi Umar Khana

Gabion Protection Wall

1

Qazi Pur

Cemented Protection Bund

3

Qazi Pur

Cemented Stone Spillway

1

2. Haripur

Ali Khan

Cemented Protection Bund

1

Ali Khan

G.I. Wire Protection Bund

1

Ali Khan

Gabion Protection Bund

1

Bagra

Cemented Protection Bund

1

Bait Gali

Cemented Stone Protection Wall

1

Bakka

Cemented Protection Bund

1

Bakka

Gabion Spur

1

Bandi Sher Khan

Cemented Protection Wall

2

Bandi Sher Khan

G.I. Wire netted Spur

1

Bareela

Cemented Protection Bund

2

Bareela

Cemented Protection Wall

1

Bareela

Cemented Stone Check Dam

1

Bareela

Cemented Stone Protection Wall

1

Bareela

G.I.Wire netted Protection Bund

1

Bareela

Gabion Protection Bund

1

Bareela

Gabion Protection Spur

2

Barkot

Cemented Protection Bund

1

Bir

Cemented Protection Bund

1

Bir

Cemented Protection Wall

1

Darwesh

Cemented Protection Wall

2

Darwesh

Gabion Protection Wall

1

Dingi

G.I. Wire netted Protection Bund

1

Dingi

Gabion Protection Wall

2

Hatar

Cemented Check Dam

2

Hatar

Cemented Spillway

1

Hatar

Cemented Stone Check Dam

2

Hatar

Cemented Stone Protection Bund

2

Hatar

Cemented Stone Protection Wall

2

Hatar

G.I. Wire Protection Bund

1

Jattipind

Cemented Stone Protection Wall

1

Jattipind

Gabion Protection Wall

2

Jattipind

Gabion Spur

2

Khan Pur

Cemented Stone Protection Wall

2

Khan Pur

Cemented Protection Wall

1

Kot Najeebullah

Cemented Spillway

2

Kot Najeebullah

Cemented Stone Protection Wall

2

Kot Najeebullah

Gabion Protection Wall

1

Kot Najeebullah

Cemented Stone Protection Bund

1

Mankrai

Cemented Protection Wall

1

Muslim Abad

G.I. Wire Protection Bund

1

Muslim Abad

G.I. Wire Spur

1

Muslim Abad

Gabion Protection Wall

2

Muslim Abad

Cemented Protection Wall

1

Najaf Pur

Cemented Check Dam

1

Pandak

Cemented Stone Check Dam

1

Pandak

Cemented Stone Protection Wall

1

Pandak

G.I. Wire netted Protection Bund

1

Pandak

Gabion Check Dam

1

Pind Hashim Khan

Plum Protection Bund

1

Pind Hashim Khan

Cemented Protection Wall

3

Pind Kamal Khan

Gabion Protection Bund

3

Pind Kamal Khan

Gabion Protection Wall

1

Pind Kamal Khan

Gabion Spur

1

Pind Kamal Khan

G.I. Wire netted Protection Bund

1

Rehana

Gabion Protection Wall

3

Rehana

Gabion Spur

1

Sarai Niamat Khan

Gabion Check Dam

1

Sarai Salah

G.I. Wire Protection Bund

1

Shah Maqsood

Cemented Check Dam

1

Sirya

Cemented Check Dam

2

Sirya

Cemented Stone Protection Wall

1

Sirya

Gabion Protection Bund

2

Sirya

G.I. Wire netted Protection Bund

1

Tofkian

G.I. Wire netted Protection Bund

1

Tofkian

Gabion Protection Bund

1

Tofkian

Gabion Protection Wall

2

Besides, Soil conservation department worked in collaboration with IC under Livelihoods and INRM Projects, and constructed 8 Gabion spurs & 3 protection wall in Pakshahi area Muslim Abad UC, 1 Gabion protection wall in Alluli & 1 Rain water harvesting pond in Kag of UC Jatipind, and 1 Rain water harvesting pond in Goraki of Bir UC. (Sources: Soil Conservation Haripur and Primary data from filed)


Forestc:\users\hp\desktop\braced\district haripur\pics\uc_muslim abad\img_0246.jpg



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