Guizhou Cultural and Natural Heritage Protection and Development Project Environmental Impact Assessment Guiyang Hydropower Investigation Design & Research Institute China Hydropower Engineering Consultation Group Corporation September 18



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E1912

V1


Guizhou Cultural and Natural Heritage Protection and Development Project


Environmental Impact Assessment




Guiyang Hydropower Investigation Design & Research Institute

China Hydropower Engineering Consultation Group Corporation
September 18, 2008

Table of Contents

1 Introduction 1

1.1 Project Background 1

1.2 Overview of EIA 1

2 EIA Preparation 3

2.1 EIA Classification 3

2.2 Basis for EIA Preparation 5

2.2.1 Laws and Regulations 5

2.2.2 Documents 5

2.2.3 Screening of World Bank’s Safeguard Policies 5

2.3 Applicable Standards 6

2.3.1 Environmental Standards 6

2.3.2 Standards for Pollutant Discharge 7

2.4 Assessment Scope 13

2.5 Assessment Methods 13

3 Project Description 13

3.1 Project Objective 13

3.2 Overview of the Project 14

3.2.1 Minority Cultural Heritage Protection in Villages 14

3.2.2 Ancient Town Protection 14

3.2.3 Natural Heritage Protection and Utilization 15

3.2.4 Heritage Protection and Tourism Service Facilities Construction in Gateway Cities 15

3.2.5 Technical Assistance 15

3.3 Description of Project 16

3.3.1 Location and Investment 16

3.3.2 Description of Facilities 20

3.3.3 Generic Design 20

3.3.4 Typical and Special Works 21

3.3.5 Construction Period 24

4 Policy and Legal Framework 25

4.1 Policy Framework 25

4.1.1 Overview of Guizhou Provincial Tourism Development Master Plan 25

4.1.2 Relation with the Master Plan 25

4.1.3 Guizhou Rural Tourism Development Plan 2006 27

4.1.4 Guizhou Eleventh Five Year Socio-economic Plan 27

4.1.5 Other Relevant Documents 27

4.2 Legal Framework 28

4.2.1 Cultural Heritage Protection 28

4.2.2 Environmental Assessment 29

4.2.3 Geological Relics Protection 30

4.2.4 Scenic Area Planning 32

4.3 Institutional Arrangement 32

5 Baseline Conditions 34

5.1 General 34

5.1.1 Geographic Location 34

5.1.2 Meteorological Condition 34

5.1.3 History 34

5.2 Socio-Economic Conditions 34

5.2.1 Demographics and Population 34

5.2.2 Ethnic Minorities 34

5.2.3 Economy and Poverty 35

5.3 Administrative Districts 35

5.4 Natural Resources 35

5.4.1 Biodiversity 35

5.4.2 Surface Water 36

5.5 Cultural and Natural Heritage Assets 36

5.5.1 World Natural Heritage 36

5.5.2 Other Areas of Global Significance 36

5.5.3 National Cultural and Natural Heritages 36

5.5.4 Other Cultural and Natural Heritages 37

5.6 Cultural and Natural Heritages in Project Area 38

5.6.1 Scenic Areas 38

A. Wuyang River National Scenic Area 38

B. Malinghe Canyon-Wanfeng Lake National Scenic Area 39

C. Liping Dong Village National Scenic Area 39

D. Rongjiang Ancient Banyan Provincial Scenic Area 39

E. Tiantaishan-Shilahe Provincial Scenic Area 40

F. Jinping Sanbanxi-Longli Ancient Town Provincial Scenic Area 40

5.6.2 Geo-Parks 40

A. Guanling National Geo-Park 40

B. Xingyi National Geo-Park 41

5.6.3 Protected Cultural Relics Unit 42

B. Sanmentang Ancient Buildings Complex 42

5.6.4 Famous Historical and Cultural Town 42

B. Xijiang Miao Villages 42

5.6.5 Other Cultural Heritages 43

A. Biasha Gunman Tribe 43

B. Xiaohuang Traditional Chorus of Dong 43

B. Raohao tin embroidery 44

C. Sister Rice Day of Shidong Town 44

D. Nachan Buyi Culture 45

E. Bala River Miao cCulture 45

5.7 Environmental Management 46

5.7.1 Solid Waste Management 46

5.7.2 Wastewater Treatment 46

5.8 Environmental Baseline in Project Cities 46

5.8.1 Environmental Concerns 46

5.8.2 Environmental Monitoring Results 47

6 Environmental Impacts and Mitigation 52

6.1 Social Impacts and Benefits 52

6.1.1 Social Impacts at Strategic/Provincial Level 52

6.1.2 Specific Benefits of Components 55

6.1.3 Land Occupation and Resettlement 57

6.2 Risks of Adverse Impacts at Strategic and Provincial Level 57

6.2.1 Cultural Heritage Impacts and Mitigation 57

6.3 Specific Risks Likely in All Sites 59

6.3.1 Impacts on Eco-environment 59

6.3.2 Impact on Water Environment 62

6.3.3 Impact on Ambient Air and Mitigation 65

6.3.4 Impact on Acoustic Environment and Mitigation 66

6.3.5 Impact of Solid Waste and Mitigation 67

6.3.6 Landscape and Visual Impacts and Mitigation 68

6.4 Potential Impacts to Specific Sites and Mitigation 74

6.4.1 Risk of Overdevelopment in the National Scenic Areas 74

6.4.2 Guanlin National Geo-Park 74

6.4.3 Xingyi National Geo-Park 75

6.4.4 Wanfenglin National Scenic Area 75

6.4.5 Shamu River National Scenic Area 76

7 Heritage Conservation Plan 78

7.1 Conservation Plan for Classified Heritages 78

7.2 Specific Considerations and Recommendations 79

7.2.1 Inventory Development 79

7.2.2 Standards 79

7.2.3 Qualification 79

7.2.4 Monitoring 80

7.2.5 Public Awareness Promotion 80

7.2.6 Construciton Planning 80

7.3 Institutional Arrangement 80

7.4 Suggestions on Conservation Plans 81

7.5 Reporting 81

8 Alternative Comparison 83

8.1 With and Without the Project Scenario 83

8.2 Location Alternatives 84

8.2.1 Jiuzhou Fortress Museum 84

8.2.2 Xingyi Dingxiao Guizhou Dragon Museum 84

8.2.3 Guizhou Normal College Tourism Information Center 85

8.3 EA Suggestions in Project Development Process 85

9 9 Public Consultation and Information Disclosure 89

9.1 Objective and Principle 89

9.2 First Round of Public Consultation 89

9.3 First Round Information Disclosure 90

9.4 The Second Round of Public Consultation 90

9.5 Scond Round of Information Disclosure 91

9.6 Consultation Result Statistics 92

9.7 Results of Social Environment Assessment 96

9.8 Main Concerns and Public Opinions 96

10 Environment Management and Monitoring Plan 97

10.1 Environment Mitigation Measures 97

10.2 Institutional Arrangement 97

10.2.1 Environment Management Organizations 97

10.2.2 Environment Supervision Organizations 97

10.3 Training Plan 98

10.4 Environment Supervision Plan 104

10.5 Environmental Management Plan 105

10.5.1 Measures at Strategic Level 105

10.5.3 Specific Mitigation Measures 108

10.6 Environment Monitoring Plan 112

10.6.1 Objective 112

10.6.2 Monitoring Institution 112

10.6.3 Environmental Monitoring Plan 112

10.7 Monitoring Reporting System 116

10.8 Environmental Monitoring and Acceptance report of Components 116

10.9 Cost Estimation 117






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