Unit 7 topics



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UNIT 7


TOPICS:

1. Great Britain.

2. The United States of America




GRAMMAR:

1. Complex Object.

2. Revision.








Step I






CLASSROOM ACTIVITIES (1)


GRAMMAR EXERCISES


Сложное дополнение выражается существительным (в общем падеже) или местоимением (в объектном падеже) и инфинитивом, причастием I или II, герундием, прилагательным.

We expect them to arrive soon.

The policeman watched the children crossing the street.

You should have the house painted.

Do you mind him going there?

Is there anything that can make him upset?




1. Translate the sentences into Russian and find a complex object in each sentence.

1. We knew him to be very brave. 2. Did you feel the bridge shake? 3. I don’t like you to say such things. 4. Put on a thicker coat, I don’t want you to catch a cold. 5. Seeing her enter the room he rose to greet her. 6. Nobody said anything, we just watched him put it away in his case. 7. You could hear a pin drop. 8. She wouldn’t explain, just urged me to use my own eyes. 9. After lunch he begged me to accompany him home. 10. By the way, did she ask you to sign any papers yesterday? 11. Her visit agitated the patient so much that the doctor advised her not to come again. 12. There is no harm, I think, in letting you know. 13. I understood you to say that you had received no letter from your brother since he left England. 14. He suddenly let my hand go and I lost balance. 15. The latest news made Hilda very upset.


Complex Object


1.

like

prefer


want/would like

know


expect, etc.


sb to do sth


e.g. We expect you to finish the work in time.

2.


see

watch


notice

observe


hear

feel



sb__ do sth

sb doing sth

Инфинитив употребляется для обозначения однократного действия или ряда последовательных действий:

e.g. I noticed the girl grab something from the table and rush out of the room.

Причастие I (-ing-form) употребляется для обозначения действия в развитии:

e.g. The young mother watched her son playing in the garden.



3.



let

make



sb__ do sth

e.g. Let me help you with your luggage.

e.g. Nothing can make her lose her temper.



  • Запомните:

to make sb laugh – рассмешить кого-либо

to make sb angry/upset – рассердить/расстроить кого-либо

to let sb do sth – позволить кому-либо сделать что-либо

to let sb/sth go – отпустить (выпустить) кого-либо/что-либо

to let sb know – дать знать кому-либо

Let me see. – Дай(те) подумать.





2. Paraphrase the following sentences, using a complex object according to the model.

Model: T – He will come by an early train. (expect)

St – We expect him to come by an early train.

1. expect; 2. believe; 3. consider; 4. persuade; 5. advise; 6. remind; 7. advise; 8. know.
3. Answer the teacher’s questions, using a complex object.
4. Paraphrase the teacher’s sentences using a complex object as in the model.

Model 1: T – I saw her. She was sitting at the wall.

St – I saw her sitting at the wall.


Model 2: T – She turned on the light. He saw her.

St – He saw her turn on the light.


5. Answer the questions combining the two sentences. Use a complex object.

1.The girl watched her mother. She was cooking dinner. 2. Ann saw a man. He was knocking on the front door of their house. 3. He liked to watch them. They were rehearsing for a concert. 4. Somebody pushed Tom in the back. He suddenly felt it. 5. Jenny heard some noise in the next room. The baby was crying there. 6. A well-dressed man dropped a wallet in the street. Nobody noticed it. 7. A beggar picked up the wallet. The policeman saw it. 8. She was whispering something to him. Everybody noticed it.


6. Ask questions about the italicized parts of the sentences using a complex object.

1. She heard a student complain that they had too much homework to do. 2. He saw her turn on the light in the drawing room. 3. We all noticed her make more mistakes than usual. 4. We saw the train pull into the station. 5. We heard her sing a beautiful song in a soft voice. 6. Everybody felt the house shake with explosion.


7. Answer the teacher’s questions using a complex object.
8. Ask questions about the italicized parts of the sentence using a complex object.

1 She let me have a cup of tea as she saw how tired I was. 2. The mother let the girl play with her jewellery. 3. Her friend’s words made her feel sorry for what she had said. 4. Before he let us go he made us promise not to tell anybody what we had seen. 5. The lawyer made Mr. Bennet sign a paper admitting his guilt. 6. I couldn’t make him do the work properly as it was getting dark. 7. They didn’t let him tell how it all had happened. 8. I can’t make her get up on time in the morning as she goes to bed very late.


9. Translate the following sentences into Russian paying attention to the meaning of the verbs

a) to let, to make, to have:

1. Let me know when you leave. 2. He didn’t let me pay for the taxi. 3. Nobody wants to let their seat to the old lady. 4. When did you hear from Steve last? – I heard from him – let me see, a fortnight ago. 5. Suddenly he let the rope go. 6. Let this be all among friends. 8. The Dean let Jack go after telling him off. 9. Jane’s story made everybody laugh. 10. Ann’s failure made her parents very upset. 11. Have the secretary arrange the meeting as soon as possible. 12. People who never keep their promises make her angry.



b) to feel, to see, to hear:

1. I hear he has just returned from London. 2. I heard him sing an old Welsh song. 3. I see you are very upset by the news. 4. She saw her baby make his first step. 5. I felt he wasn’t telling the whole truth. 6. Kate felt somebody pull her by the sleeve. 7. I could hear them discussing me behind my back. 8. I hear Mr. Goldsmith has retired and moved to the country.


10. Paraphrase as in the model. Use the verbs suggested in the box.


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