National Police Academy, Fuchu City, Tokyo, provides eduation and training for senior police officers, including technical skills and leadership, also research for the police information community for foreign police organizations.
Overwhelmingly Slavic officer corps in the 1990s suffered high attrition from an agreement within CIS (1992) to permit transfer to other Republics. Kazakhs dominate top posts since 1992, since then there have been shortages of offices – 45 percent shortage in border troops; 650 empty officer positions in the army; Kazakstan's border troops force is estimated at 5,000 to 6,000 personnel. Troops are trained at the Almaty Border Troops School (formerly run by the KGB) or under a cooperative agreement at four Russian facilities. Exacerbating the severe shortage of trained military personnel is the virtual absence of higher-level military training facilities. The only two such schools in existence, the general All Arms Command School and the Border Troops Academy, both in Almaty, are capable of graduating only about 200 junior officers a year, and in 1993 three-quarters of those left the republic. There were also three military secondary boarding schools--in Almaty, Shymkent, and Qaraghandy--and a civil aviation school in Aqtöbe, which is to be converted to a military flight school sometime after 2000.”31 Data as of 1996.
“A multinational team of educators presented the reference curriculum on the Partnership Action Plan for Defense Institution Building (PAP-DIB RC) to the faculty of the Kazakhstan National Defense University (NDU) from 9-11 Sep 09. The PAP-DIB RC was developed in 2007-2008 by the PfP Consortium and endorsed by the NATO Secretary General as a practical means of helping Partner nations include tenets of defense institution building in the education of their future defense leaders. The team, composed of people who had a hand in writing the curriculum, presented the three chapters of the PAP-DIB RC, namely Public Administration and Governance; Defense Management and Economics; and Ethics and Leadership. The presentation led to a dynamic interaction with the faculty, which profited from an academic setting with Western colleagues to ask many questions. The Kazakhstan NDU expressed interest in further contact on these three subjects. Return visits are planned in 2010. Team members included Dr. David Emelifeonwu of the Canadian Defence Academy, Dr. Albert Pierce, U.S. NDU; COL Jeronim Bazo, Albanian NDU; COL Vasile Popa, PhD, Romanian NDU; and Mr. Vladimir Kalajdzhyan, PfPC Operational Staff.”32
Kazakh National Defence University - Press Release, Kazakh Ministry of Defence, “Kazakhstan army is manned by professionals,” 19 June 2009, “All today graduates accomplished the university having attained academic degree “Master” and qualification “Operative–tactical command and control”. 14 officers of the Ministry of defense graduated the university on following specialties: “Military and administrative command and control”, “Military education” and “Pedagogue of higher school”. Seven officers got specialty “Command and control by technical provision”. The same number of officers became specialists in command and control by logistics. Six officers got specialty “Command and control by upbringing and social–legal processes.” …One should note that not only officers of the Ministry of defence can graduate the university but also representatives of other forces and military formations of the Republic of Kazakhstan, as well as military men of CSTO member states, military men of republics of Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. National Defence University is a legal successor of Military academy of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Kazakhstan… By Decree of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Almatinskaya higher military school was transformed into Military academy of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Kazakhstan in 1997. In 2003 it was transformed into Public institution “National Defence University”.
“Defense University conducts preparation of military personnel with higher professional education (postgraduate). Objects of postgraduate education – preparation of scientific–pedagogical and scientific personnel of the highest qualification for the Armed Forces, other forces and military formations of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
“Beginning from September 1, 2006 National defense university one of the firsts in military education sphere had passed into credit system of education with conferment academic degree “Master of science” to those persons who successfully passed curriculum and carried out research work.
“In October 17, 2005 National Defense University opened United dissertation Council on candidate dissertations defence. And in April 2008 by order of Chairman of Committee on control in sphere of education and science of the Ministry of education and science of the Republic of Kazakhstan there was opened a Doctor (closed) dissertation council on doctor dissertations defence.
“Successful preparation of scientific and scientific–pedagogical personnel of the highest category is being carried out.
“20 DPhils (on military, historical, technical, social and political sciences), 14 candidates of sciences (on military, historical, technical, pedagogical, economic and philosophical sciences) and 11 master of science are working in the university.
“National defence University is the one educational institution in Central Asia region which prepares officers with higher military education; it carries out training and retraining of officers for the Armed Forces, other forces and military formations. Higher military educational institution introduces international education standards using modern achievements of science and technology. It is prestige not only for our republic but also for CIS member states and foreign countries.” Oksana Parpura33